1. [Variance estimation considering multistage sampling design in multistage complex sample analysis].

    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua li... 37(3):425 (2016) PMID 27005551

    Multistage sampling is a frequently-used method in random sampling survey in public health. Clustering or independence between observations often exists in the sampling, often called complex sample, generated by multistage sampling. Sampling error may be underestimated and the probability of typ...
  2. Diabetes-related metabolic risk factors in internal migrant workers in China: a national surveillance study.

    The lancet. Diabetes & endocrinology 4(2):125 (2016) PMID 26776861

    Little is known about the cardiometabolic health of internal migrant workers in China. We aimed to examine the prevalence of diabetes-related cardiometabolic risk factors in this large, but little-studied population. We did this national surveillance study within the Chinese Center for Disease C...
  3. Cause-specific mortality for 240 causes in China during 1990-2013: a systematic subnational analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.

    The Lancet 387(10015):251 (2016) PMID 26510778

    China has experienced a remarkable epidemiological and demographic transition during the past three decades. Far less is known about this transition at the subnational level. Timely and accurate assessment of the provincial burden of disease is needed for evidence-based priority setting at the l...
  4. Under-5 mortality in 2851 Chinese counties, 1996-2012: a subnational assessment of achieving MDG 4 goals in China.

    The Lancet 387(10015):273 (2016) PMID 26510780

    In the past two decades, the under-5 mortality rate in China has fallen substantially, but progress with regards to the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 at the subnational level has not been quantified. We aimed to estimate under-5 mortality rates in mainland China for the years 1970 to 2012....
  5. An integrated national mortality surveillance system for death registration and mortality surveillance, China.

    Bulletin of The World Health Organization 94(1):46 (2016) PMID 26769996 PMCID PMC4709796

    In China, sample-based mortality surveillance systems, such as the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention's disease surveillance points system and the Ministry of Health's vital registration system, have been used for decades to provide nationally representative data on health status ...
  6. Clustering of cardiovascular behavioral risk factors and blood pressure among people diagnosed with hypertension: a nationally representative survey in China.

    Scientific reports 6:27627 (2016) PMID 27279273 PMCID PMC4899782

    This study aimed to examine association between the number of behavioral risk factors and blood pressure (BP) level among a nationally representative sample of Chinese people diagnosed with hypertension. A total of 31,694 respondents aged 18+ years with diagnosed hypertension were extracted from...
  7. Prevalence, Awareness and Control of Hypertension in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks in China.

    Neuroepidemiology 46(2):84 (2016) PMID 26684651

    Hypertension is a major risk factor for stroke recurrence in patients with transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control rates of hypertension in Chinese adults with TIA. We analyzed data derived from the 2010 China Chro...
  8. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks in 188 countries, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.
    Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Lily Alexander, H Ross Anderson, Victoria F Bachman, Stan Biryukov, Michael Brauer, Richard Burnett, Daniel Casey, Matthew Coates, Aaron Cohen, Kristen Delwiche, Kara Estep, Joseph Frostad, K C Astha, Hmwe Kyu, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Marie Ng, Erica Leigh Slepak, Bernadette A Thomas, Joseph Wagner, Gunn Marit Aasvang, Cristiana Abbafati, Ayse Abbasoglu Ozgoren, Foad, Semaw F Abera, Victor Aboyans, Biju Abraham, Jerry Puthenpurakal Abraham, Ibrahim Abubakar, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Tania C Aburto, Tom Achoki, Ademola Adelekan, Koranteng Adofo, Arsène K Adou, José C Adsuar, Ashkan Afshin, Emilie Agardh, Mazin J Al Khabouri, Faris H Al Lami, Sayed Saidul Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Mohammed I Albittar, Miguel Alegretti, Alicia V Aleman, Zewdie Alemu, Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho, Samia Alhabib, Raghib Ali, Mohammed K Ali, François Alla, Peter Allebeck, Peter J Allen, Ubai Alsharif, Elena Alvarez, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Adansi Amankwaa, Azmeraw T Amare, Emmanuel Ameh, Omid Ameli, Heresh Amini, Walid Ammar, Benjamin O Anderson, Carl Abelardo T Antonio, Palwasha Anwari, Solveig Argeseanu Cunningham, Johan Arnlöv, Valentina S Arsic Arsenijevic, Al Artaman, Rana J Asghar, Reza Assadi, Lydia S Atkins, Charles Atkinson, Marco Avila, Baffour Awuah, Alaa Badawi, Maria C Bahit, Talal Bakfalouni, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Shivanthi Balalla, Ravi Kumar Balu, Amitava Banerjee, Ryan M Barber, Suzanne L Barker-Collo, Simon Barquera, Lars Barregard, Lope H Barrero, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Ana C Basto-Abreu, Arindam Basu, Sanjay Basu, Mohammed O Basulaiman, Carolina Batis Ruvalcaba, Justin Beardsley, Neeraj Bedi, Tolesa Bekele, Michelle L Bell, Corina Benjet, Derrick A Bennett, Habib Benzian, Eduardo Bernabé, Tariku J Beyene, Neeraj Bhala, Ashish Bhalla, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Boris Bikbov, Aref Bin Abdulhak, Jed D Blore, Fiona M Blyth, Megan A Bohensky, Berrak Bora Başara, Guilherme Borges, Natan M Bornstein, Dipan Bose, Soufiane Boufous, Rupert Bourne, Michael Brainin, Alexandra Brazinova, Nicholas J Breitborde, Hermann Brenner, Adam D M Briggs, David M Broday, Peter M Brooks, Nigel G Bruce, Traolach S Brugha, Bert Brunekreef, Rachelle Buchbinder, Linh N Bui, Gene Bukhman, Andrew G Bulloch, Michael Burch, Peter G J Burney, Ismael R Campos-Nonato, Julio Campuzano, Alejandra J Cantoral, Jack Caravanos, Rosario Cárdenas, Elisabeth Cardis, David O Carpenter, Valeria Caso, Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela, Ruben E Castro, Ferrán Catalá-López, Fiorella Cavalleri, Alanur Çavlin, Vineet K Chadha, Jung-Chen Chang, Fiona J Charlson, Honglei Chen, Wanqing Chen, Zhengming Chen, Peggy Chiang, Odgerel Chimed-Ochir, Rajiv Chowdhury, Costas A Christophi, Ting-Wu Chuang, Sumeet Chugh, Massimo Cirillo, Thomas K D Claßen, Valentina Colistro, Mercedes Colomar, Samantha M Colquhoun, Alejandra G Contreras, Cyrus Cooper, Kimberly Cooperrider, Leslie T Cooper, Josef Coresh, Karen J Courville, Michael H Criqui, Lucia Cuevas-Nasu, James, Hadi Danawi, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Paul I Dargan, Adrian Davis, Dragos V Davitoiu, Anand Dayama, E Filipa de Castro, Vanessa De la Cruz-Góngora, Diego De Leo, Graça de Lima, Louisa Degenhardt, Borja del Pozo-Cruz, Robert P Dellavalle, Kebede Deribe, Sarah Derrett, Don C Des Jarlais, Muluken Dessalegn, Gabrielle A deVeber, Karen M Devries, Samath Dharmaratne, Mukesh K Dherani, Daniel Dicker, Eric L Ding, Klara Dokova, E Ray Dorsey, Tim R Driscoll, Leilei Duan, Adnan M Durrani, Beth Ebel, Richard G Ellenbogen, Yousef M Elshrek, Matthias Endres, Sergey P Ermakov, Holly Erskine, Babak Eshrati, Alireza Esteghamati, Saman Fahimi, Emerito Jose A Faraon, Farshad Farzadfar, Derek J Fay, Valery L Feigin, Andrea B Feigl, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Alize J Ferrari, Cleusa P Ferri, Abraham D Flaxman, Thomas D Fleming, Nataliya Foigt, Kyle J Foreman, Urbano Fra Paleo, Richard C Franklin, Belinda Gabbe, Lynne Gaffikin, Emmanuela Gakidou, Amiran Gamkrelidze, Fortuné Gankpé, Ron T Gansevoort, Francisco A, Evariste Gasana, Johanna M Geleijnse, Bradford D Gessner, Pete Gething, Katherine B Gibney, Richard F Gillum, Ibrahim A M Ginawi, Maurice Giroud, Giorgia Giussani, Shifalika Goenka, Ketevan Goginashvili, Hector Gomez Dantes, Philimon Gona, Teresita Gonzalez de Cosio, Dinorah González-Castell, Carolyn Gotay, Atsushi Goto, Hebe N Gouda, Richard L Guerrant, Harish C Gugnani, Francis Guillemin, David Gunnell, Rahul Gupta, Rajeev Gupta, Reyna A Gutiérrez, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Holly Hagan, Maria Hagstromer, Yara A Halasa, Randah Hamadeh, Mouhanad Hammami, Graeme J Hankey, Yuantao Hao, Hilda L Harb, Tilahun Nigatu Haregu, Josep Maria Haro, Rasmus Havmoeller, Simon I Hay, Mohammad T Hedayati, Ileana B Heredia-Pi, Lucia Hernandez, Kyle R Heuton, Pouria Heydarpour, Martha Hijar, Hans W Hoek, Howard J Hoffman, John C Hornberger, Dean Hosgood, Damian G Hoy, Mohamed Hsairi, Guoqing Hu, Howard Hu, Cheng Huang, John Huang, Bryan J Hubbell, Laetitia Huiart, Abdullatif Husseini, Marissa L Iannarone, Kim M Iburg, Bulat T Idrisov, Nayu Ikeda, Kaire Innos, Manami Inoue, Farhad Islami, Samaya Ismayilova, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Henrica A Jansen, Deborah L Jarvis, Simerjot K Jassal, Alejandra Jauregui, Sudha Jayaraman, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Paul N Jensen, Vivekanand Jha, Fan Jiang, Guohong Jiang, Ying Jiang, Jost B Jonas, Knud Juel, Haidong Kan, Sidibe Kany Roseline, Nadim E Karam, André Karch, Corine Karema, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Anil Kaul, Norito Kawakami, Dhruv S Kazi, Andrew H Kemp, Andre P Kengne, Andre Keren, Yousef S Khader, Shams Eldin Ali Hassan Khalifa, Ejaz A Khan, Young-Ho Khang, Shahab Khatibzadeh, Irma Khonelidze, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Sungroul Kim, Yunjin Kim, Ruth W Kimokoti, Yohannes Kinfu, Jonas M Kinge, Brett M Kissela, Miia Kivipelto, Luke D Knibbs, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Yoshihiro Kokubo, M Rifat Kose, Soewarta Kosen, Alexander Kraemer, Michael Kravchenko, Sanjay Krishnaswami, Hans Kromhout, Tiffany Ku, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Ernst J Kuipers, Chanda Kulkarni, Veena S Kulkarni, G Anil Kumar, Gene F Kwan, Taavi Lai, Arjun Lakshmana Balaji, Ratilal Lalloo, Tea Lallukka, Hilton Lam, Qing Lan, Van C Lansingh, Heidi J Larson, Anders Larsson, Dennis O Laryea, Pablo M Lavados, Alicia E Lawrynowicz, Janet Leasher, Jong-Tae Lee, James Leigh, Ricky Leung, Miriam Levi, Yichong Li, Yongmei Li, Juan Liang, Xiaofeng Liang, Stephen Lim, M Patrice Lindsay, Steven E Lipshultz, Shiwei Liu, Yang Liu, Belinda K Lloyd, Giancarlo Logroscino, Stephanie J London, Nancy Lopez, Joannie Lortet-Tieulent, Paulo A Lotufo, Rafael Lozano, Raimundas Lunevicius, Jixiang Ma, Stefan Ma, Vasco P Machado, Michael F MacIntyre, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Abbas Mahdi, Marek Majdan, Reza Malekzadeh, Srikanth Mangalam, Christopher Mapoma, Marape, Wagner Marcenes, David J Margolis, Christopher Margono, Guy B Marks, Randall V Martin, Melvin B Marzan, Mohammad T Mashal, Felix Masiye, Amanda J Mason-Jones, Kunihiro Matsushita, Richard Matzopoulos, Bongani Mayosi, Tasara Mazorodze, Abigail C McKay, Martin McKee, Abigail McLain, Peter A Meaney, Catalina Medina, Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Fabiola Mejia-Rodriguez, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Yohannes A Melaku, Michele Meltzer, Ziad A Memish, Walter Mendoza, George A Mensah, Atte Meretoja, Francis Apolinary Mhimbira, Renata Micha, Ted R Miller, Edward J Mills, Awoke Misganaw, Santosh Mishra, Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim, Karzan A Mohammad, Ali H Mokdad, Glen L Mola, Lorenzo Monasta, Julio C Montañez Hernandez, Marcella Montico, Ami R Moore, Lidia Morawska, Rintaro Mori, Joanna Moschandreas, Wilkister N Moturi, Dariush Mozaffarian, Ulrich O Mueller, Mitsuru Mukaigawara, Erin C Mullany, Kinnari S Murthy, Mohsen Naghavi, Ziad Nahas, Aliya Naheed, Kovin S Naidoo, Luigi Naldi, Devina Nand, Vinay Nangia, K M Venkat Narayan, Denis Nash, Bruce Neal, Chakib Nejjari, Sudan P Neupane, Charles R Newton, Frida Ngalesoni, Jean de Dieu Ngirabega, Grant Nguyen, Nhung T Nguyen, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Muhammad I Nisar, José R Nogueira, Joan M Nolla, Sandra Nolte, Ole F Norheim, Rosana E Norman, Bo Norrving, Luke Nyakarahuka, In-Hwan Oh, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Bolajoko Olusanya, Saad B Omer, John Nelson Opio, Ricardo Orozco, Rodolfo S Pagcatipunan, Amanda W Pain, Jeyaraj D Pandian, Carlo Irwin A Panelo, Christina Papachristou, Eun-Kee Park, Charles D Parry, Angel J Paternina Caicedo, Scott B Patten, Vinod K Paul, Boris I Pavlin, Neil Pearce, Lilia S Pedraza, Andrea Pedroza, Ljiljana Pejin Stokic, Ayfer Pekericli, David M Pereira, Rogelio, Fernando Perez-Ruiz, Norberto Perico, Samuel A L Perry, Aslam Pervaiz, Konrad Pesudovs, Carrie B Peterson, Max Petzold, Michael R Phillips, Hwee Pin Phua, Dietrich Plass, Dan Poenaru, Guilherme V Polanczyk, Suzanne Polinder, Constance D Pond, C Arden Pope, Daniel Pope, Svetlana Popova, Farshad Pourmalek, John Powles, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Noela M Prasad, Dima M Qato, Amado D Quezada, D Alex Quistberg, Lionel Racapé, Anwar Rafay, Kazem Rahimi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Murugesan Raju, Ivo Rakovac, Saleem M Rana, Mayuree Rao, Homie Razavi, K Srinath Reddy, Amany H Refaat, Jürgen Rehm, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Antonio L Ribeiro, Patricia M Riccio, Lee Richardson, Anne Riederer, Margaret Robinson, Anna Roca, Alina Rodriguez, David, Isabelle Romieu, Luca Ronfani, Robin Room, Nobhojit Roy, George M Ruhago, Lesley Rushton, Nsanzimana Sabin, Ralph L Sacco, Sukanta Saha, Ramesh Sahathevan, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Joshua A Salomon, Deborah Salvo, Uchechukwu K Sampson, Juan R Sanabria, Luz Maria Sanchez, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Lidia Sanchez-Riera, Logan Sandar, Itamar Santos, Amir Sapkota, Maheswar Satpathy, James E Saunders, Monika Sawhney, Mete I Saylan, Peter Scarborough, Jürgen C Schmidt, Ione J C Schneider, Ben Schöttker, David C Schwebel, James G Scott, Soraya Seedat, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Berrin Serdar, Edson Servan-Mori, Gavin Shaddick, Saeid Shahraz, Teresa Shamah Levy, Siyi Shangguan, Jun She, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Kenji Shibuya, Hwashin Shin, Yukito Shinohara, Rahman Shiri, Kawkab Shishani, Ivy Shiue, Inga D Sigfusdottir, Donald H Silberberg, Edgar P Simard, Shireen Sindi, Abhishek Singh, Gitanjali M Singh, Jasvinder A Singh, Vegard Skirbekk, Karen Sliwa, Michael Soljak, Samir Soneji, Kjetil Søreide, Sergey Soshnikov, Luciano A Sposato, Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Nicolas J C Stapelberg, Vasiliki Stathopoulou, Nadine Steckling, Dan J Stein, Murray B Stein, Natalie Stephens, Heidi Stöckl, Kurt Straif, Konstantinos Stroumpoulis, Lela Sturua, Bruno F Sunguya, Soumya Swaminathan, Mamta Swaroop, Bryan L Sykes, Karen M Tabb, Ken Takahashi, Roberto Talongwa, Nikhil Tandon, David Tanne, Marcel Tanner, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Braden J Te Ao, Carolina M Teixeira, Martha Téllez Rojo, Abdullah S Terkawi, José Luis Texcalac-Sangrador, Sarah V Thackway, Blake Thomson, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Amanda G Thrift, George D Thurston, Taavi Tillmann, Myriam Tobollik, Marcello Tonelli, Fotis Topouzis, Jeffrey A Towbin, Hideaki Toyoshima, Jefferson Traebert, Bach X Tran, Leonardo Trasande, Matias Trillini, Ulises Trujillo, Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Miltiadis Tsilimbaris, Emin Murat Tuzcu, Uche S Uchendu, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Selen B Uzun, Steven van de Vijver, Rita Van Dingenen, Coen H van Gool, Jim van Os, Yuri Varakin, Tommi J Vasankari, Ana Maria N Vasconcelos, Monica S Vavilala, Lennert J Veerman, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, N Venketasubramanian, Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Salvador Villalpando, Francesco S Violante, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Stein Emil Vollset, Gregory R Wagner, Stephen G Waller, Mitchell T Wallin, Xia Wan, Haidong Wang, JianLi Wang, Linhong Wang, Wenzhi Wang, Yanping Wang, Tati S Warouw, Charlotte H Watts, Scott Weichenthal, Elisabete Weiderpass, Robert G Weintraub, Andrea Werdecker, K Ryan Wessells, Ronny Westerman, Harvey A Whiteford, James D Wilkinson, Hywel C Williams, Thomas N Williams, Solomon M Woldeyohannes, Charles D A Wolfe, John Q Wong, Anthony D Woolf, Jonathan L Wright, Brittany Wurtz, Gelin Xu, Lijing Yan, Gonghuan Yang, Yuichiro Yano, Pengpeng Ye, Muluken Yenesew, Gökalp K Yentür, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok-Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z Younis, Zourkaleini Younoussi, Chuanhua Yu, Maysaa E Zaki, Yong Zhao, Yingfeng Zheng, Maigeng Zhou, Jun Zhu, Shankuan Zhu, Xiaonong Zou, Joseph R Zunt, Alan D Lopez, Theo Vos, and Christopher J Murray

    The Lancet 386(10010):2287 (2015) PMID 26364544 PMCID PMC4685753

    The Global Burden of Disease, Injuries, and Risk Factor study 2013 (GBD 2013) is the first of a series of annual updates of the GBD. Risk factor quantification, particularly of modifiable risk factors, can help to identify emerging threats to population health and opportunities for prevention. T...
  9. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition.
    Christopher J L Murray, Ryan M Barber, Kyle J Foreman, Ayse Abbasoglu Ozgoren, Foad, Semaw F Abera, Victor Aboyans, Jerry P Abraham, Ibrahim Abubakar, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Niveen M Abu-Rmeileh, Tom Achoki, Ilana N Ackerman, Zanfina Ademi, Arsène K Adou, José C Adsuar, Ashkan Afshin, Emilie Agardh, Sayed Saidul Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Mohammed I Albittar, Miguel Alegretti, Zewdie Alemu, Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho, Samia Alhabib, Raghib Ali, François Alla, Peter Allebeck, Mohammad Almazroa, Ubai Alsharif, Elena Alvarez, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Azmeraw T Amare, Emmanuel Ameh, Heresh Amini, Walid Ammar, H Ross Anderson, Benjamin O Anderson, Carl Abelardo T Antonio, Palwasha Anwari, Johan Arnlöv, Valentina S Arsic Arsenijevic, Al Artaman, Rana J Asghar, Reza Assadi, Lydia S Atkins, Marco Avila, Baffour Awuah, Victoria F Bachman, Alaa Badawi, Maria C Bahit, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Amitava Banerjee, Suzanne L Barker-Collo, Simon Barquera, Lars Barregard, Lope H Barrero, Arindam Basu, Sanjay Basu, Mohammed O Basulaiman, Justin Beardsley, Neeraj Bedi, Ettore Beghi, Tolesa Bekele, Michelle L Bell, Corina Benjet, Derrick A Bennett, Isabela M Bensenor, Habib Benzian, Eduardo Bernabé, Amelia Bertozzi-Villa, Tariku J Beyene, Neeraj Bhala, Ashish Bhalla, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Kelly Bienhoff, Boris Bikbov, Stan Biryukov, Jed D Blore, Christopher D Blosser, Fiona M Blyth, Megan A Bohensky, Ian W Bolliger, Berrak Bora Başara, Natan M Bornstein, Dipan Bose, Soufiane Boufous, Rupert A Bourne, Lindsay N Boyers, Michael Brainin, Carol E Brayne, Alexandra Brazinova, Nicholas J K Breitborde, Hermann Brenner, Adam D Briggs, Peter M Brooks, Jonathan C Brown, Traolach S Brugha, Rachelle Buchbinder, Geoffrey C Buckle, Christine M Budke, Anne Bulchis, Andrew G Bulloch, Ismael R Campos-Nonato, Hélène Carabin, Jonathan R Carapetis, Rosario Cárdenas, David O Carpenter, Valeria Caso, Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela, Ruben E Castro, Ferrán Catalá-López, Fiorella Cavalleri, Alanur Çavlin, Vineet K Chadha, Jung-Chen Chang, Fiona J Charlson, Honglei Chen, Wanqing Chen, Peggy Chiang, Odgerel Chimed-Ochir, Rajiv Chowdhury, Hanne Christensen, Costas A Christophi, Massimo Cirillo, Matthew Coates, Luc E Coffeng, Megan S Coggeshall, Valentina Colistro, Samantha M Colquhoun, Graham S Cooke, Cyrus Cooper, Leslie T Cooper, Luis M Coppola, Monica Cortinovis, Michael H Criqui, John A Crump, Lucia Cuevas-Nasu, Hadi Danawi, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Emily Dansereau, Paul I Dargan, Gail Davey, Adrian Davis, Dragos V Davitoiu, Anand Dayama, Diego De Leo, Louisa Degenhardt, Borja Del Pozo-Cruz, Robert P Dellavalle, Kebede Deribe, Sarah Derrett, Don C Des Jarlais, Muluken Dessalegn, Samath Dharmaratne, Mukesh K Dherani, Cesar Diaz-Torné, Daniel Dicker, Eric L Ding, Klara Dokova, E Ray Dorsey, Tim R Driscoll, Leilei Duan, Herbert C Duber, Beth Ebel, Karen M Edmond, Yousef M Elshrek, Matthias Endres, Sergey P Ermakov, Holly Erskine, Babak Eshrati, Alireza Esteghamati, Kara Estep, Emerito Jose A Faraon, Farshad Farzadfar, Derek Fay, Valery L Feigin, David T Felson, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Jefferson G Fernandes, Alize J Ferrari, Christina Fitzmaurice, Abraham D Flaxman, Thomas D Fleming, Nataliya Foigt, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Gerry R Fowkes, Urbano Fra Paleo, Richard C Franklin, Thomas Fürst, Belinda Gabbe, Lynne Gaffikin, Fortuné Gankpé, Johanna M Geleijnse, Bradford D Gessner, Peter Gething, Katherine B Gibney, Maurice Giroud, Giorgia Giussani, Hector Gomez Dantes, Philimon Gona, Diego González-Medina, Richard A Gosselin, Carolyn Gotay, Atsushi Goto, Hebe N Gouda, Nicholas Graetz, Harish C Gugnani, Rahul Gupta, Rajeev Gupta, Reyna A Gutiérrez, Juanita Haagsma, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Holly Hagan, Yara A Halasa, Randah Hamadeh, Hannah Hamavid, Mouhanad Hammami, Jamie Hancock, Graeme J Hankey, Gillian M Hansen, Yuantao Hao, Hilda L Harb, Josep Maria Haro, Rasmus Havmoeller, Simon I Hay, Roderick J Hay, Ileana B Heredia-Pi, Kyle R Heuton, Pouria Heydarpour, Hideki Higashi, Martha Hijar, Hans W Hoek, Howard J Hoffman, Dean Hosgood, Mazeda Hossain, Peter J Hotez, Damian G Hoy, Mohamed Hsairi, Guoqing Hu, Cheng Huang, John Huang, Abdullatif Husseini, Chantal Huynh, Marissa L Iannarone, Kim M Iburg, Kaire Innos, Manami Inoue, Farhad Islami, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Deborah L Jarvis, Simerjot K Jassal, Sun Ha Jee, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Paul N Jensen, Vivekanand Jha, Guohong Jiang, Ying Jiang, Jost B Jonas, Knud Juel, Haidong Kan, André Karch, Corine Karema, Chante Karimkhani, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Nicholas J Kassebaum, Anil Kaul, Norito Kawakami, Konstantin Kazanjan, Andrew H Kemp, Andre P Kengne, Andre Keren, Yousef S Khader, Shams Eldin A Khalifa, Ejaz A Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Young-Ho Khang, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Sungroul Kim, Yunjin Kim, Yohannes Kinfu, Jonas M Kinge, Miia Kivipelto, Luke D Knibbs, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Soewarta Kosen, Sanjay Krishnaswami, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Ernst J Kuipers, Chanda Kulkarni, Veena S Kulkarni, G Anil Kumar, Hmwe Kyu, Taavi Lai, Ratilal Lalloo, Tea Lallukka, Hilton Lam, Qing Lan, Van C Lansingh, Anders Larsson, Alicia E B Lawrynowicz, Janet Leasher, James Leigh, Ricky Leung, Carly E Levitz, Bin Li, Yichong Li, Yongmei Li, Stephen Lim, Maggie Lind, Steven E Lipshultz, Shiwei Liu, Yang Liu, Belinda K Lloyd, Katherine T Lofgren, Giancarlo Logroscino, Katharine J Looker, Joannie Lortet-Tieulent, Paulo A Lotufo, Rafael Lozano, Robyn M Lucas, Raimundas Lunevicius, Ronan A Lyons, Stefan Ma, Michael F Macintyre, Mark T Mackay, Marek Majdan, Reza Malekzadeh, Wagner Marcenes, David J Margolis, Christopher Margono, Melvin B Marzan, Joseph R Masci, Mohammad T Mashal, Richard Matzopoulos, Bongani Mayosi, Tasara Mazorodze, Neil W Mcgill, John Mcgrath, Martin Mckee, Abigail Mclain, Peter A Meaney, Catalina Medina, Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Yohannes A Melaku, Michele Meltzer, Ziad A Memish, George A Mensah, Atte Meretoja, Francis A Mhimbira, Renata Micha, Ted R Miller, Edward J Mills, Philip B Mitchell, Charles N Mock, Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim, Karzan A Mohammad, Ali H Mokdad, Glen L D Mola, Lorenzo Monasta, Julio C Montañez Hernandez, Marcella Montico, Thomas J Montine, Meghan D Mooney, Ami R Moore, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Andrew E Moran, Rintaro Mori, Joanna Moschandreas, Wilkister N Moturi, Madeline L Moyer, Dariush Mozaffarian, William T Msemburi, Ulrich O Mueller, Mitsuru Mukaigawara, Erin C Mullany, Michele E Murdoch, Joseph Murray, Kinnari S Murthy, Mohsen Naghavi, Aliya Naheed, Kovin S Naidoo, Luigi Naldi, Devina Nand, Vinay Nangia, K M Venkat Narayan, Chakib Nejjari, Sudan P Neupane, Charles R Newton, Marie Ng, Frida Ngalesoni, Grant Nguyen, Muhammad I Nisar, Sandra Nolte, Ole F Norheim, Rosana E Norman, Bo Norrving, Luke Nyakarahuka, In-Hwan Oh, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Summer L Ohno, Bolajoko Olusanya, John Nelson Opio, Katrina Ortblad, Alberto Ortiz, Amanda W Pain, Jeyaraj D Pandian, Carlo Irwin A Panelo, Christina Papachristou, Eun-Kee Park, Jae-Hyun Park, Scott B Patten, George C Patton, Vinod K Paul, Boris I Pavlin, Neil Pearce, David M Pereira, Rogelio, Fernando Perez-Ruiz, Norberto Perico, Aslam Pervaiz, Konrad Pesudovs, Carrie B Peterson, Max Petzold, Michael R Phillips, Bryan K Phillips, David E Phillips, Frédéric B Piel, Dietrich Plass, Dan Poenaru, Suzanne Polinder, Daniel Pope, Svetlana Popova, Richie G Poulton, Farshad Pourmalek, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Noela M Prasad, Rachel L Pullan, Dima M Qato, D Alex Quistberg, Anwar Rafay, Kazem Rahimi, Sajjad U Rahman, Murugesan Raju, Saleem M Rana, Homie Razavi, K Srinath Reddy, Amany Refaat, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Serge Resnikoff, Antonio L Ribeiro, Lee Richardson, Jan Hendrik Richardus, D Allen Roberts, David, Luca Ronfani, Gregory A Roth, Dietrich Rothenbacher, David H Rothstein, Jane T Rowley, Nobhojit Roy, George M Ruhago, Mohammad Y Saeedi, Sukanta Saha, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Uchechukwu K A Sampson, Juan R Sanabria, Logan Sandar, Itamar Santos, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Peter Scarborough, Ione J Schneider, Ben Schöttker, Austin E Schumacher, David C Schwebel, James G Scott, Soraya Seedat, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Peter T Serina, Edson Servan-Mori, Katya A Shackelford, Amira Shaheen, Saeid Shahraz, Teresa Shamah Levy, Siyi Shangguan, Jun She, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Peilin Shi, Kenji Shibuya, Yukito Shinohara, Rahman Shiri, Kawkab Shishani, Ivy Shiue, Mark G Shrime, Inga D Sigfusdottir, Donald H Silberberg, Edgar P Simard, Shireen Sindi, Abhishek Singh, Jasvinder A Singh, Lavanya Singh, Vegard Skirbekk, Erica Leigh Slepak, Karen Sliwa, Samir Soneji, Kjetil Søreide, Sergey Soshnikov, Luciano A Sposato, Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Jeffrey D Stanaway, Vasiliki Stathopoulou, Dan J Stein, Murray B Stein, Caitlyn Steiner, Timothy J Steiner, Antony Stevens, Andrea Stewart, Lars J Stovner, Konstantinos Stroumpoulis, Bruno F Sunguya, Soumya Swaminathan, Mamta Swaroop, Bryan L Sykes, Karen M Tabb, Ken Takahashi, Nikhil Tandon, David Tanne, Marcel Tanner, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Hugh R Taylor, Braden J Te Ao, Fabrizio Tediosi, Awoke M Temesgen, Tara Templin, Margreet Ten Have, Eric Y Tenkorang, Abdullah S Terkawi, Blake Thomson, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Amanda G Thrift, George D Thurston, Taavi Tillmann, Marcello Tonelli, Fotis Topouzis, Hideaki Toyoshima, Jefferson Traebert, Bach X Tran, Matias Trillini, Thomas Truelsen, Miltiadis Tsilimbaris, Emin M Tuzcu, Uche S Uchendu, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Eduardo A Undurraga, Selen B Uzun, Wim H Van Brakel, Steven Van De Vijver, Coen H van Gool, Jim Van Os, Tommi J Vasankari, N Venketasubramanian, Francesco S Violante, Vasiliy Vlassov, Stein Emil Vollset, Gregory R Wagner, Joseph Wagner, Stephen G Waller, Xia Wan, Haidong Wang, Jianli Wang, Linhong Wang, Tati S Warouw, Scott Weichenthal, Elisabete Weiderpass, Robert G Weintraub, Wang Wenzhi, Andrea Werdecker, Ronny Westerman, Harvey A Whiteford, James D Wilkinson, Thomas N Williams, Charles D Wolfe, Timothy M Wolock, Anthony D Woolf, Sarah Wulf, Brittany Wurtz, Gelin Xu, Lijing Yan, Yuichiro Yano, Pengpeng Ye, Gökalp K Yentür, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok-Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Maysaa E Zaki, Yong Zhao, Yingfeng Zheng, David Zonies, Xiaonong Zou, Joshua A Salomon, Alan D Lopez, and Theo Vos

    The Lancet 386(10009):2145 (2015) PMID 26321261 PMCID PMC4673910

    The Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013) aims to bring together all available epidemiological data using a coherent measurement framework, standardised estimation methods, and transparent data sources to enable comparisons of health loss over time and across causes, age-sex groups, and...
  10. [Burden of disease caused by low body weight in children aged <5 years in China, 1990-2010].

    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua li... 36(11):1279 (2015) PMID 26850251

    To analyze the disease burden caused by low body weight in children under 5 years old in China from 1990 to 2010. The analysis was conducted on the low body weight related deaths, years lived with disability (YLD), years of life lost (YLL) and disability-adjusted life years (DALY) in children ag...
  11. Electroacupuncture Pretreatment Attenuates Cerebral Ischemic Injury via Notch Pathway-Mediated Up-Regulation of Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1α in Rats.

    Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 35(8):1093 (2015) PMID 25976178 PMCID PMC4602051

    We have reported electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment induced the tolerance against focal cerebral ischemia through activation of canonical Notch pathway. However, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully understood. Evidences suggest that up-regulation of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1...
  12. Cardiovascular disease deaths and high sodium consumption in Shandong province and China: a modelling analysis

    The Lancet 386:S80 (2015)

    Background Sodium intake and the prevalence of increased blood pressure are high in China, especially in northern China, including Shandong province where the Shandong-Ministry of Health Action on Sodium and Hypertension (SMASH) is currently underway. The aim of this study is...
  13. Prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity among Chinese adults in 2004–10: data from three nationwide surveys in China

    The Lancet 386:S77 (2015)

    Background Obesity has become a global epidemic and is a common risk factor for many chronic diseases. Few data for the prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity in Chinese adults have been obtained over the past decade. We aimed to estimate changes in the prevalence of...
  14. Geographical variation and correlates of tobacco smoking, second-hand smoke exposure, workplace tobacco prohibition, and pro-tobacco and counter-tobacco advertising in mainland China: a cross-sectional study of 98 058 participants

    The Lancet 386:S17 (2015)

    Background With more than 300 million people directly affected by tobacco smoking and an additional 740 million non-smokers affected by second-hand smoke, new insights are needed to inform more aggressive and effective tobacco prevention and control policy in China.
  15. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes in relation to hypertension status in Chinese adults: a nationwide cross-sectional survey

    The Lancet 386:S55 (2015)

    Background Previous studies have shown that hypertension is an important risk factor for diabetes, and the coexistence of hypertension and diabetes can substantially increase morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalen...
  16. The Expanding Burden of Elevated Blood Pressure in China: Evidence From Jiangxi Province, 2007-2010.

    Medicine (Baltimore) 94(39):e1623 (2015) PMID 26426647 PMCID PMC4616863

    Elevated blood pressure (BP) as a risk factor accounts for the biggest burden of disease worldwide and in China. This study aimed to estimate attributed mortality and life expectancy (LE) to elevated BP in Jiangxi province between 2007 and 2010. BP and mortality data (2007 and 2010 inclusive) we...
  17. [The burden of infectious disease and changing pattern from in 1990 and 2010, China].

    Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal... 49(7):621 (2015) PMID 26310475

    To investigate the burden of infectious disease of the Chinese population in 1990 and 2010 and changing pattern in the past 20 years. Results of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) were used to demonstrate the burden of infectious disease of the Chinese population in 1990 and 2010...
  18. Prevalence, knowledge, and treatment of transient ischemic attacks in China.

    Neurology 84(23):2354 (2015) PMID 25957333 PMCID PMC4464739

    To investigate the prevalence, knowledge, and treatment of TIA in a Chinese adult population. We conducted a complex, multistage, probability sampling-designed, cross-sectional, nationwide survey of 98,658 Chinese adults in 2010. Possible TIA cases were first identified by symptoms recall or sel...
  19. [Burden of disease attributable to main behavioral risk factor of chronic disease inactivity in China, 1990 and 2010].

    Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal... 49(4):303 (2015) PMID 26081537

    To examine burden of disease (BOD) attributable to dietary risk factors, tobacco smoking, alcohol use, and physical inactivity in China in 1990 and 2010. The results of the Global Burden of Diseases Study 2010(GBD 2010) for China were extracted to examine BOD attributable to the four behavioral ...
  20. [Burden of disease attributable to ambient particulate matter pollution in 1990 and 2010 in China].

    Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal... 49(4):327 (2015) PMID 26081541

    To assess the burden of disease attributable to ambient particulate matter pollution in 1990 and 2010 in China. On the basis of the results of the Global Burden of Diseases Study 2010 (GBD 2010) for China's estimates, we used population attributable fractions (PAF) to examine the burden of disea...