1. Structural characteristics and physicochemical properties of lotus seed resistant starch prepared by different methods.

    Food Chemistry 186:213 (2015) PMID 25976813

    Lotus seed resistant starch (LRS) is commonly known as resistant starch type 3 (LRS3). The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of different preparation methods on the structural characteristics and physicochemical properties of LRS3. The molar mass of LRS3 prepared by autoclavi...
  2. Antioxidant homoisoflavonoids from Polygonatum odoratum.

    Food Chemistry 186:63 (2015) PMID 25976792

    Polygonatum odoratum is widely used as a traditional food supplement and herbal medicine with strong antioxidant activity. However, systematic investigation of its antioxidants was limited. Ethanol extract of P. odoratum was fractioned on macroporous absorptive resin (D101) column. A bioassay-gu...
  3. Chemical features of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Viride revealed by GC-MS metabolomics analysis.

    Food Chemistry 186:192 (2015) PMID 25976810

    This paper introduces a detailed method to apply metabolic profiles conducting on tangerine peels (Citrus reticulata 'Dahongpao') at three maturity stages from July to December. Principal component analysis not only demonstrated the metabolic footprints of tangerine peels during ripening but als...
  4. Performance of system consisting of vertical flow trickling filter and horizontal flow multi-soil-layering reactor for treatment of rural wastewater.

    Bioresource Technology 193:424 (2015) PMID 26151854

    In order to improve nitrogen removal for rural wastewater, a novel two-stage hybrid system, consisting of a vertical flow trickling filter (VFTF) and a horizontal flow multi-soil-layering (HFMSL) bioreactor was developed. The performance of the apparatus was observed under various carbon-nitroge...
  5. A new application of high-efficient silver salts-based photocatalyst under natural indoor weak light for wastewater cleaning.

    Water Research 81:366 (2015) PMID 26107659

    As a high-quantum-efficiency photocatalyst, the serious photo-corrosion of silver phosphate (Ag3PO4), limits the practical applications in water purification and challenges us. Herein, Ag3PO4 is found to have a high stability under natural indoor weak light irradiation, suggesting that we can em...
  6. Children with positive attitudes towards mind-wandering provide invalid subjective reports of mind-wandering during an experimental task.

    Consciousness and Cognition 35:136 (2015) PMID 26021724

    This study investigated mind-wandering (MW) in children during a laboratory task, and explored the influence of children's attitudes towards MW on the accuracy of their subjective reports. Children's MW experiences were probed during the adapted Sustained-Attention-to-Response-Task (SART), and t...
  7. MRI investigation of water-oil two phase flow in straight capillary, bifurcate channel and monolayered glass bead pack.

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging 33(7):918 (2015) PMID 25940392

    The study of immiscible fluid displacement between aqueous-phase liquids and non-aqueous-phase liquids in porous media is of great importance to oil recovery, groundwater contamination, and underground pollutant migration. Moreover, the attendant viscous, capillary, and gravitational forces are ...
  8. Lipid mediator lipoxin A4 inhibits tumor growth by targeting IL-10-producing regulatory B (Breg) cells.

    Cancer Letters 364(2):118 (2015) PMID 25979229

    Lipoxin A4 (LXA4), an arachidonic acid-derived anti-inflammatory lipid mediator, shows anti-tumor potential by regulating tumor immune microenvironments. However, the underlying molecular and cellular basis of this function remains unclear. IL-10-producing B (Breg) cells display tumor-promoting ...
  9. Decoy receptor 3 suppresses FasL-induced apoptosis via ERK1/2 activation in pancreatic cancer cells.

    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communicat... 463(4):1144 (2015) PMID 26102031

    Resistance to Fas Ligand (FasL) mediated apoptosis plays an important role in tumorigenesis. Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) is reported to interact with FasL and is overexpressed in some malignant tumors. We sought to investigate the role of DcR3 in resistance to FasL in pancreatic cancer. We compared ...
  10. Anti-inflammatory activity studies on the stems and roots of Jasminum lanceolarium Roxb.

    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 171:335 (2015) PMID 26055344

    Jasminum lanceolarium Roxb is an important traditional Chinese medicine. Its stems and roots have been used for the treatment of rheumatism and fever while the leaves are used as an anti-inflammatory agent to relieve pain. In order to support its traditional Chinese medicinal uses, five animal m...
  11. Efficacy and safety of cord blood-derived cytokine-induced killer cells in treatment of patients with malignancies.

    Cytotherapy 17(8):1130 (2015) PMID 25963952

    Adoptive immunotherapy with the use of cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells represents an effective therapeutic option for treating malignancies. The characteristics and function of cord blood-derived CIK (CB-CIK) cells have been evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we assessed the...
  12. CD163+CD14+ macrophages, a potential immune biomarker for malignant pleural effusion.

    Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy 64(8):965 (2015) PMID 25944005

    Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a common complication caused by malignant diseases. However, subjectivity, poor sensitivity, and substantial false-negative rates of cytology assay hamper accurate MPE diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess whether CD163+CD14+ tumor-associated macropha...
  13. Minimizing lipid signal bleed in brain (1) H chemical shift imaging by post-acquisition grid shifting.

    Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 74(2):320 (2015) PMID 25168657 PMCID PMC4344941

    Low spatial resolution in conventional (1) H brain chemical shifting imaging (CSI) studies causes partial volume error (PVE) or signal "bleed" that is especially deleterious to voxels near the scalp. The standard spatial apodization approach adversely affects spatial resolution. Here, a novel au...
  14. The influence of cracked selenium flux on CIGS thin film growth and device performance prepared by two-step selenization processes

    Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 139:108 (2015)

    Thermal-cracking system has been adopted to produce cracked selenium and the influence of cracked selenium flux on the structure and reaction pathway during the first-step selenization is investigated. High Cracked-Selenium (HC-Se) may facilitate the Cu–Se and In–Se reaction at lower t...
  15. Sequence-dependent abnormal aggregation of human Tau fragment in an inducible cell model.

    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1852(8):1561 (2015) PMID 25912737

    A pathological hallmark of Alzheimer disease (AD) is the accumulation of misfolded hyperphosphorylated microtubule-associated protein Tau within neurons, forming neurofibrillary tangles and leading to synaptic dysfunction and neuronal death. Here we study sequence-dependent abnormal aggregation ...
  16. Dual-Functions of miR-373 and miR-520c by Differently Regulating the Activities of MMP2 and MMP9.

    Journal Of Cellular Physiology 230(8):1862 (2015) PMID 25545756

    MicroRNA-520c (miR-520c) and microRNA-373 (miR-373) are originally characterized as both oncogenes and tumor suppressors in different types of human cancers. In this study, we found that translation of mRNA of MT1-MMP, an oncogene related to tumor metastasis, was well inhibited by miR-520c and m...
  17. Ischemic stroke associated with immune thrombocytopenia.

    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 40(2):156 (2015) PMID 25381164

    The objective of this study was to review all cases in literature in which the clinical manifestations of ischemic stroke and immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) were presented in the same patient including a new case of our own and discuss the possible mechanism and management of this syndrome. We re...
  18. Effect of microalgae supplementation on the silage quality and anaerobic digestion performance of Manyflower silvergrass.

    Bioresource Technology 189:334 (2015) PMID 25911593

    The silage quality of Manyflower silvergrass with microalgae supplementation was investigated, and the variation in bacterial communities during ensilage period was analyzed by high-throughput sequencing technology. In addition, the specific methane yields of the silages were also evaluated. Res...
  19. Preparation and properties of PLGA nanofiber membranes reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals.

    Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 132:177 (2015) PMID 26047881

    Although extensively used in the fields of drug-carrier and tissue engineering, the biocompatibility and mechanical properties of polylactide-polyglycolide (PLGA) nanofiber membranes still limit their applications. The objective of this study was to improve their utility by introducing cellulose...
  20. Transforming growth factor-beta1 promotes the migration and invasion of sphere-forming stem-like cell subpopulations in esophageal cancer.

    Experimental Cell Research 336(1):141 (2015) PMID 26096658

    Esophageal cancer is one of the most lethal solid malignancies. Mounting evidence demonstrates that cancer stem cells (CSCs) are able to cause tumor initiation, metastasis and responsible for chemotherapy and radiotherapy failures. As CSCs are thought to be the main reason of therapeutic failure...