1. A one-step conversion of benzene to phenol with a palladium membrane.

    Science 295(5552):105 (2002) PMID 11778042

    Existing phenol production processes tend to be energy-consuming and produce unwanted by-products. We report an efficient process using a shell-and-tube reactor, in which a gaseous mixture of benzene and oxygen is fed into a porous alumina tube coated with a palladium thin layer and hydrogen is ...