1. A Global Perspective on Using Implementation Research to Address Hypertension-Associated Target Organ Damage.

    Ethnicity & Disease 26(3):395 (2016) PMID 27440980 PMCID PMC4948807

    Hypertension, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, imposes a significant public health burden and challenge to address it worldwide. Scaling up delivery of proven, effective interventions for hypertension could significantly advance the goal of reducing the global burden. Although sig...
  2. Quality Improvement for Cardiovascular Disease Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review.

    PLoS ONE 11(6):e0157036 (2016) PMID 27299563 PMCID PMC4907518

    The majority of global cardiovascular disease (CVD) burden falls on people living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In order to reduce preventable CVD mortality and morbidity, LMIC health systems and health care providers need to improve the delivery and quality of CVD care. As part o...
  3. Relationships Between Blood Pressure and 24-Hour Urinary Excretion of Sodium and Potassium by Body Mass Index Status in Chinese Adults.

    Journal of Clinical Hypertension 17(12):916 (2015) PMID 26332433

    This study examined the impact of overweight/obesity on sodium, potassium, and blood pressure associations using the Shandong-Ministry of Health Action on Salt Reduction and Hypertension (SMASH) project baseline survey data. Twenty-four-hour urine samples were collected in 1948 Chinese adults ag...
  4. Cardiovascular disease deaths and high sodium consumption in Shandong province and China: a modelling analysis

    The Lancet 386:S80 (2015)

    Background Sodium intake and the prevalence of increased blood pressure are high in China, especially in northern China, including Shandong province where the Shandong-Ministry of Health Action on Sodium and Hypertension (SMASH) is currently underway. The aim of this study is...
  5. News from NIH: a center for translation research and implementation science.

    Translational Behavioral Medicine 5(2):127 (2015) PMID 26029274 PMCID PMC4444711

  6. Cost-effectiveness of a national population-based screening program for type 2 diabetes: the Brazil experience.

    Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 7:95 (2015) PMID 26523154 PMCID PMC4628345

    The cost-effectiveness of screening for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) in developing countries remains unknown. The Brazilian government conducted a nationwide population screening program for type 2 diabetes mellitus (BNDSP) in which 22 million capillary glucose tests were performed in individu...
  7. Association of children's eating behaviors with parental education, and teachers' health awareness, attitudes and behaviors: a national school-based survey in China.

    European Journal of Public Health 24(6):880 (2014) PMID 24287031

    In China, childhood obesity is a growing health issue. Eating behaviors among children can be influenced by both the family and school environment. We examine the association between these environments and eating habits among children. A total of 11 270 fourth to sixth grade school children, 11 ...
  8. The household-level economic burden of heart disease in India.

    Tropical Medicine and International Health 19(5):581 (2014) PMID 24612174

    To estimate healthcare use and financial burden associated with heart disease among Indian households. Data from the 2004 round household survey of the National Sample Survey in India were used to assess the implications of heart disease for out-of-pocket health spending, spending on items other...
  9. Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control and sodium intake in Shandong Province, China: baseline results from Shandong-Ministry of Health Action on Salt Reduction and Hypertension (SMASH), 2011.

    Preventing chronic disease 11:E88 (2014) PMID 24854239 PMCID PMC4032056

    In China, population-based blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension are increasing. Meanwhile, sodium intake, a major risk factor for hypertension, is high. In 2011, to develop intervention priorities for a salt reduction and hypertension control project in Shandong Province (populat...
  10. A large-scale cluster randomized trial to determine the effects of community-based dietary sodium reduction--the China Rural Health Initiative Sodium Reduction Study.

    American Heart Journal 166(5):815 (2013) PMID 24176436 PMCID PMC3919684

    Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death and disability in China. High blood pressure caused by excess intake of dietary sodium is widespread and an effective sodium reduction program has potential to improve cardiovascular health. This study is a large-scale, cluster-randomized, t...
  11. Systems and capacity to address noncommunicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries.

    Science Translational Medicine 5(181):181cm4 (2013) PMID 23596201

    Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are increasingly getting attention from different forums, including media outlets, health agencies, and the public and private sectors. Progress is being made in addressing NCDs, though more slowly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as compared with high-...
  12. Dietary sodium intake: knowledge, attitudes and practices in Shandong Province, China, 2011.

    PLoS ONE 8(3):e58973 (2013) PMID 23527061 PMCID PMC3601121

    To investigate the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) for dietary sodium intake among adult residents of Shandong Province, China. In 2011, we conducted a cross sectional survey among a representative sample of 15,350 adults aged 18 to 69 years using a standardized questionnaire to assess ...
  13. The economic burden of cancers on Indian households.

    PLoS ONE 8(8):e71853 (2013) PMID 23951258 PMCID PMC3741186

    We assessed the burden of cancer on households' out-of-pocket health spending, non-medical consumption, workforce participation, and debt and asset sales using data from a nationally representative health and morbidity survey in India for 2004 of nearly 74 thousand households. Propensity scores ...
  14. The economic effect of noncommunicable diseases on households and nations: a review of existing evidence.

    Journal of Health Communication 16 Suppl 2:75 (2011) PMID 21916715

    In developing countries, the noncommunicable disease (NCD) and risk factor burdens are shifting toward the poor. Treating chronic diseases can be expensive. In developing countries where generally much health care costs are borne by patients themselves, for those who live in poverty or recently ...
  15. Priority actions for the non-communicable disease crisis.

    The Lancet 377(9775):1438 (2011) PMID 21474174

    The UN High-Level Meeting on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in September, 2011, is an unprecedented opportunity to create a sustained global movement against premature death and preventable morbidity and disability from NCDs, mainly heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respirat...
  16. Prevalence of lower extremity diseases associated with normal glucose levels, impaired fasting glucose, and diabetes among U.S. adults aged 40 or older.

    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 77(3):485 (2007) PMID 17306411

    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and peripheral neuropathy (PN) are serious complications of diabetes, but early detection and intervention may reduce this morbidity. The degree to which PAD and PN develop before diabetes diagnosis has not been established among a representative sample of U.S. ...
  17. Measuring progress toward achieving hemoglobin A1c goals in diabetes care: pass/fail or partial credit.

    JAMA 297(5):520 (2007) PMID 17284702

  18. Prevalence of lower extremity diseases associated with normal glucose levels, impaired fasting glucose, and diabetes among U.S. adults aged 40 or older

    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 77(3):485 (2007)

    Background Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and peripheral neuropathy (PN) are serious complications of diabetes, but early detection and intervention may reduce this morbidity. The degree to which PAD and PN develop before diabetes diagnosis has not been established among a represent...
  19. How should developing countries manage diabetes?

    Canadian Medical Association Journal 175(7):733 (2006) PMID 17001048 PMCID PMC1569922

  20. A national progress report on diabetes: successes and challenges.

    Diabetes Technology &amp Therapeutics 7(1):198 (2005) PMID 15738716

    Over the last few decades, numerous public health agencies and other private and public organizations have sought to prevent and delay the disabling complications of diabetes by increasing the use of preventive care practices and reducing risk factors for complications among people with diabetes...