1. Atomic features of an autoantigen in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT).

    Autoimmunity Reviews 15(7):752 (2016) PMID 26970483 PMCID PMC4875785

    Autoantigen development is poorly understood at the atomic level. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an autoimmune thrombotic disorder caused by antibodies to an antigen composed of platelet factor 4 (PF4) and heparin or cellular glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). In solution, PF4 exists as an eq...
  2. Disabling of the erbB Pathway Followed by IFN-γ Modifies Phenotype and Enhances Genotoxic Eradication of Breast Tumors.

    Cell Reports 12(12):2049 (2015) PMID 26365188 PMCID PMC4591220

    Reversion of the malignant phenotype of erbB2-transformed cells can be driven by anti-erbB2/neu monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), which disrupt the receptor's kinase activity. We examined the biologic effects of IFN-γ alone or after anti-erbB2/neu mAb treatment of erbB2-positive cells. IFN-γ had no ...
  3. Pim-2 Kinase Influences Regulatory T Cell Function and Stability by Mediating Foxp3 Protein N-terminal Phosphorylation.

    Journal of Biological Chemistry 290(33):20211 (2015) PMID 25987564 PMCID PMC4536430

    Regulation of the extent of immune responses is a requirement to maintain self-tolerance and limit inflammatory processes. CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells play a role in regulation. The Foxp3 transcription factor is considered a dominant regulator for Treg cell development and fu...
  4. FOXP3⁺ regulatory T cell development and function require histone/protein deacetylase 3.

    Journal of Clinical Investigation 125(8):3304 (2015) PMID 26237045 PMCID PMC4563765

  5. FOXP3+ regulatory T cell development and function require histone/protein deacetylase 3.

    Journal of Clinical Investigation 125(3):1111 (2015) PMID 25642770 PMCID PMC4362235

    Treg dysfunction is associated with a variety of inflammatory diseases. Treg populations are defined by expression of the oligomeric transcription factor FOXP3 and inability to produce IL-2, a cytokine required for T cell maintenance and survival. FOXP3 activity is regulated post-translationally...
  6. Atomic description of the immune complex involved in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.

    Nature Communications 6:8277 (2015) PMID 26391892 PMCID PMC4580983

    Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an autoimmune thrombotic disorder caused by immune complexes containing platelet factor 4 (PF4), antibodies to PF4 and heparin or cellular glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Here we solve the crystal structures of the: (1) PF4 tetramer/fondaparinux complex, (2) ...
  7. Role of YAP and TAZ in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and in stellate cells associated with cancer and chronic pancreatitis.

    Scientific reports 5:16759 (2015) PMID 26567630 PMCID PMC4645184

    Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by a fibrotic and inflammatory microenvironment that is formed primarily by activated, myofibroblast-like, stellate cells. Although the stellate cells are thought to contribute to tumorigenesis, metastasis and drug resistance of PDAC, the ...
  8. Multi-crystal native SAD analysis at 6 keV.

    Acta Crystallographica Section D 70(Pt 10):2544 (2014) PMID 25286840 PMCID PMC4188002

    Anomalous diffraction signals from typical native macromolecules are very weak, frustrating their use in de novo structure determination. Here, native SAD procedures are described to enhance signal to noise in anomalous diffraction by using multiple crystals in combination with synchrotron X-ray...
  9. Dynamic interactions between TIP60 and p300 regulate FOXP3 function through a structural switch defined by a single lysine on TIP60.

    Cell Reports 7(5):1471 (2014) PMID 24835996 PMCID PMC4064594

    The human FOXP3 molecule is an oligomeric transcriptional factor able to mediate activities that characterize T regulatory cells, a class of lymphocytes central to the regulation of immune responses. The activity of FOXP3 is regulated at the posttranslational level, in part by two histone acetyl...
  10. Determination of carbohydrate structure recognized by prostate-specific F77 monoclonal antibody through expression analysis of glycosyltransferase genes.

    Journal of Biological Chemistry 289(23):16478 (2014) PMID 24753248 PMCID PMC4047414

    This study reports the determination of the carbohydrate epitope of monoclonal antibody F77 previously raised against human prostate cancer PC-3 cells (Zhang, G., Zhang, H., Wang, Q., Lal, P., Carroll, A. M., de la Llera-Moya, M., Xu, X., and Greene, M. I. (2010) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. ...
  11. Carbohydrate sequence of the prostate cancer-associated antigen F77 assigned by a mucin O-glycome designer array.

    Journal of Biological Chemistry 289(23):16462 (2014) PMID 24753245 PMCID PMC4047413

    Monoclonal antibody F77 was previously raised against human prostate cancer cells and has been shown to recognize a carbohydrate antigen, but the carbohydrate sequence of the antigen was elusive. Here, we make multifaceted approaches to characterize F77 antigen, including binding analyses with t...
  12. The ubiquitin ligase Stub1 negatively modulates regulatory T cell suppressive activity by promoting degradation of the transcription factor Foxp3.

    Immunity 39(2):272 (2013) PMID 23973223 PMCID PMC3817295

    Regulatory T (Treg) cells suppress inflammatory immune responses and autoimmunity caused by self-reactive T cells. The key Treg cell transcription factor Foxp3 is downregulated during inflammation to allow for the acquisition of effector T cell-like functions. Here, we demonstrate that stress si...
  13. Lysosome-dependent p300/FOXP3 degradation and limits Treg cell functions and enhances targeted therapy against cancers.

    Experimental and Molecular Pathology 95(1):38 (2013) PMID 23644046 PMCID PMC3963828

    p300 is one of several acetyltransferases that regulate FOXP3 acetylation and functions. Our recent studies have defined a complex set of histone acetyltransferase interactions which can lead to enhanced or repressed changes in FOXP3 function. We have explored the use of a natural p300 inhibitor...
  14. Mutations in K-Ras linked to levels of osteoprotegerin and sensitivity to TRAIL-induced cell death in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells.

    Experimental and Molecular Pathology 94(2):372 (2013) PMID 23219833

    Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a soluble receptor expressed in the serum of patients with diabetes, arthritis and pancreatic cancer. While OPG has been considered a tumor survival factor for bone metastasizing breast and prostate cancers, the role of OPG in pancreatic cancer, which itself rarely metas...
  15. MDM2 regulates a novel form of incomplete neoplastic transformation of Theileria parva infected lymphocytes.

    Experimental and Molecular Pathology 94(1):228 (2013) PMID 22981919

    Our efforts are concerned with identifying features of incomplete malignant transformation caused by non viral pathogens. Theileria parva (T. parva) is a tick-transmitted protozoan parasite that can cause a fatal lymphoproliferative disease in cattle. The T. parva-infected lymphocytes display a ...
  16. Structural and biochemical studies of RIG-I antiviral signaling.

    Protein & Cell 4(2):142 (2013) PMID 23264040 PMCID PMC4875364

    Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) is an important pattern recognition receptor that detects viral RNA and triggers the production of type-I interferons through the downstream adaptor MAVS (also called IPS-1, CARDIF, or VISA). A series of structural studies have elaborated some of the mechan...
  17. Reversion of the ErbB malignant phenotype and the DNA damage response.

    Experimental and Molecular Pathology 93(3):324 (2012) PMID 23022358 PMCID PMC3518600

    The ErbB or HER family is a group of membrane bound tyrosine kinase receptors that initiate signal transduction cascades, which are critical to a wide range of biological processes. When over-expressed or mutated, members of this kinase family form homomeric or heteromeric kinase assemblies that...
  18. Molecular and biological role of the FOXP3 N-terminal domain in immune regulation by T regulatory/suppressor cells.

    Experimental and Molecular Pathology 93(3):334 (2012) PMID 23041265 PMCID PMC3518637

    Regulatory T (Treg) cells are essential in preventing the host from developing certain autoimmune diseases and limiting excessive immune responses against pathogens. The normal function of most Treg cells requires sustained expression of functional FOXP3, a member of the FOXP family transcriptio...
  19. Germinal center kinases in immune regulation.

    Cellular & Molecular Immunology 9(6):439 (2012) PMID 22960604 PMCID PMC4002213

    Germinal center kinases (GCKs) participate in a variety of signaling pathways needed to regulate cellular functions including apoptosis, cell proliferation, polarity and migration. Recent studies have shown that GCKs are participants in both adaptive and innate immune regulation. However, the di...
  20. Structural insights into SUN-KASH complexes across the nuclear envelope.

    Cell Research 22(10):1440 (2012) PMID 22945352 PMCID PMC3463262

    Linker of the nucleoskeleton and the cytoskeleton (LINC) complexes are composed of SUN and KASH domain-containing proteins and bridge the inner and outer membranes of the nuclear envelope. LINC complexes play critical roles in nuclear positioning, cell polarization and cellular stiffness. Previo...