1. External validity of the "all-comers" design: insights from the BIOSCIENCE trial.

    Clinical Research in Cardiology 105(9):744 (2016) PMID 27033859

    We sought to systematically evaluate the external validity of a contemporary randomized controlled stent trial (BIOSCIENCE). Baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients enrolled into the BIOSCIENCE trial at Bern University Hospital (n = 1216) were compared to those of patients inc...
  2. Duration of Triple Antithrombotic Therapy and Outcomes Among Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    Journal of the American College of Cardiology: ... 9(14):1473 (2016) PMID 27478115

    The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes in relation to the duration of triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT) among patients with indications for oral anticoagulation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). TAT is recommended for patients undergoing PCI with a firm indic...
  3. Risk and timing of recurrent ischemic events among patients with stable ischemic heart disease, non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome, and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

    American Heart Journal 175:56 (2016) PMID 27179724

    We aimed to compare differences in risk and timing of recurrent ischemic events among patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD), non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervent...
  4. Genome-wide gene expression dynamics of the fungal pathogen Dothistroma septosporum throughout its infection cycle of the gymnosperm host Pinus radiata.

    Molecular Plant Pathology 17(2):210 (2016) PMID 25919703 PMCID PMC4746707

    We present genome-wide gene expression patterns as a time series through the infection cycle of the fungal pine needle blight pathogen, Dothistroma septosporum, as it invades its gymnosperm host, Pinus radiata. We determined the molecular changes at three stages of the disease cycle: epiphytic/b...
  5. Long-term clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary artery bypass grafting for acute coronary syndrome from the DELTA registry: a multicentre registry evaluating percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary artery bypass grafting for left main treatment.

    EuroIntervention 12(5):e623 (2016) PMID 27497362

    Our aim was to compare, in a large unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) all-comer registry, the long-term clinical outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with first-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) versus coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with acute ...
  6. Pseudomonas strains naturally associated with potato plants produce volatiles with high potential for inhibition of Phytophthora infestans.

    Applied and Environmental Microbiology 81(3):821 (2015) PMID 25398872 PMCID PMC4292479

    Bacteria emit volatile organic compounds with a wide range of effects on bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals. The antifungal potential of bacterial volatiles has been investigated with a broad span of phytopathogenic organisms, yet the reaction of oomycetes to these volatile signals is largely ...
  7. Percutaneous biventricular cardiac assist device in cardiogenic shock.

    European Heart Journal 34(22):1620 (2013) PMID 23594594

  8. Rac1 deletion causes thymic atrophy.

    PLoS ONE 6(4):e19292 (2011) PMID 21559396 PMCID PMC3084817

    The thymic stroma supports T lymphocyte development and consists of an epithelium maintained by thymic epithelial progenitors. The molecular pathways that govern epithelial homeostasis are poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that deletion of Rac1 in Keratin 5/Keratin 14 expressing embryonic a...
  9. Heart-infiltrating prominin-1+/CD133+ progenitor cells represent the cellular source of transforming growth factor beta-mediated cardiac fibrosis in experimental autoimmune myocarditis.

    Circulation Research 105(5):462 (2009) PMID 19628793

    Myocardial fibrosis is a hallmark of inflammation-triggered end-stage heart disease, a common cause of heart failure in young patients. We used CD4(+) T-cell-mediated experimental autoimmune myocarditis model to determine the parameters regulating cardiac fibrosis in inflammatory heart disease. ...
  10. Prominin-1/CD133+ lung epithelial progenitors protect from bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis.

    American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Ca... 179(10):939 (2009) PMID 19234103

    The mouse model of bleomycin-induced lung injury offers an approach to study idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a progressive interstitial lung disease with poor prognosis. Progenitor cell-based treatment strategies might combine antiinflammatory effects and the capacity for tissue repair. To expand...
  11. Interferon-gamma regulates idiopathic pneumonia syndrome, a Th17+CD4+ T-cell-mediated graft-versus-host disease.

    American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Ca... 178(4):379 (2008) PMID 18511701

    Pulmonary complications of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation include infections and graft-versus-host diseases, such as idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS). Conflicting data exist regarding the role of the interferon (IFN)-gamma-producing Th1 CD4(+) T-cell subset and IL-17A in IPS. To dete...
  12. CD11b+ monocytes abrogate Th17 CD4+ T cell-mediated experimental autoimmune myocarditis.

    Journal of Immunology 180(4):2686 (2008) PMID 18250481

    Experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) represents a Th17 T cell-mediated mouse model of postinflammatory heart disease. In BALB/c wild-type mice, EAM is a self-limiting disease, peaking 21 days after alpha-myosin H chain peptide (MyHC-alpha)/CFA immunization and largely resolving thereafter. ...
  13. Extralymphatic virus sanctuaries as a consequence of potent T-cell activation.

    Nature Medicine 13(11):1316 (2007) PMID 17982463

    T helper cells can support the functions of CD8(+) T cells against persistently infecting viruses such as murine lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), cytomegalovirus, hepatitis C virus and HIV. These viruses often resist complete elimination and remain detectable at sanctuary sites, such a...
  14. Circulating levels of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (sTREM)-1 in community-acquired pneumonia.

    Critical Care Medicine 35(3):990 (2007) PMID 17421114

  15. Induced prion protein controls immune-activated retroviruses in the mouse spleen.

    PLoS ONE 2(11):e1158 (2007) PMID 17987132 PMCID PMC2063463

    The prion protein (PrP) is crucially involved in transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE), but neither its exact role in disease nor its physiological function are known. Here we show for mice, using histological, immunochemical and PCR-based methods, that stimulation of innate resistance...
  16. MyD88 signaling controls autoimmune myocarditis induction.

    Circulation 113(2):258 (2006) PMID 16401773

    Experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) is a CD4+ T-cell-mediated mouse model of postviral cardiomyopathy. Activation of interleukin-1 type 1 and Toll-like receptors that share the common downstream adaptor molecule MyD88 is required for disease induction. The specific role of MyD88 in myocard...
  17. Deliberate removal of T cell help improves virus-neutralizing antibody production.

    Nature Immunology 5(9):934 (2004) PMID 15300247

    The B cell response to lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus is characterized by a CD4(+) T cell-dependent polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia and delayed formation of virus-specific neutralizing antibodies. Here we provide evidence that, paradoxically, because of polyclonal B cell activation, virus-...
  18. Public, private and non-specific antibodies induced by non-cytopathic viral infections.

    Current Opinion in Microbiology 7(4):426 (2004) PMID 15358263

    Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) represents a useful experimental model of murine infection with a non-cytopathic virus, bearing resemblance to HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in humans. Recent data from the LCMV model indicate that the humoral immune response that is induced...
  19. Metal-responsive transcription factor-1 (MTF-1) is essential for embryonic liver development and heavy metal detoxification in the adult liver.

    FASEB Journal 18(10):1071 (2004) PMID 15226267

    Metal-responsive transcription factor-1 (MTF-1) activates the transcription of metallothionein genes and other target genes in response to heavy metal load and other stresses such as hypoxia and oxidative stress. It also has an essential function during embryogenesis: targeted disruption of Mtf1...
  20. Maintenance of memory CTL responses by T helper cells and CD40-CD40 ligand: antibodies provide the key.

    European Journal of Immunology 34(2):317 (2004) PMID 14768036

    Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) are essential for control of primary infections by many pathogens and in particular by non-cytopathic viruses. It has been proposed that long-term maintenance of CTL memory and control of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) is dependent upon the presence of T ...