Efficient production of enantiomerically pure D-phenyllactate from phenylpyruvate by structure-guided design of an engineered D-lactate dehydrogenase.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 100(17):7471 (2016)
3-Phenyllactic acid (PLA) is an antimicrobial compound with broad-spectrum activity against bacteria and fungi that could be widely used in the food industry and livestock feeds. Notably, D-PLA exhibits higher antibacterial activity, which gains more attention than L-PLA. In this report, the D-l...
A Core-Shell Fe/Fe2 O3 Nanowire as a High-Performance Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries.
Chemistry: A European Journal 22(34):12081 (2016)
The preparation of novel one-dimensional core-shell Fe/Fe2 O3 nanowires as anodes for high-performance lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is reported. The nanowires are prepared in a facile synthetic process in aqueous solution under ambient conditions with subsequent annealing treatment that could tu...
Base-Catalyzed Hydrophosphination of Azobenzenes with Diarylphosphine Oxides: A Precise Construction of N-N-P Unit.
Journal of Organic Chemistry 81(15):6867 (2016)
Addition of diarylphosphine oxides to the N═N double bond of azobenzenes leads to the formation of the P-substituted hydrazines in up to 98% yield for 24 examples, and the formation of diphenylphosphinic amides was observed in three substrates. This strategy features tolerance of a wide range of...
Nanostructured Carbon/Antimony Composites as Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries with Long Life.
Chemistry An Asian Journal 11(15):2173 (2016)
A series of nanostructured carbon/antimony composites have been successfully synthesized by a simple sol-gel, high-temperature carbon thermal reduction process. In the carbon/antimony composites, antimony nanoparticles are homogeneously dispersed in the pyrolyzed nanoporous carbon matrix. As an ...
Diammonium phosphate stimulates transcription of L-lactate dehydrogenase leading to increased L-lactate production in the thermotolerant Bacillus coagulans strain.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 100(15):6653 (2016)
Exploration of cost-effective fermentation substrates for efficient lactate production is an important economic objective. Although some organic nitrogen sources are also cheaper, inorganic nitrogen salts for lactate fermentation have additional advantages in facilitating downstream procedures a...
Risk Characteristics of Venous Thromboembolism in Chinese Patients.
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis 22(5):490 (2016)
There is little report concerning risk characteristics of Chinese patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). The present study was designed to investigate the risk characteristics in Chinese patients with VTE through a retrospective study.
A total of 1048 registry patients with VTE in the recen...
Copper-Mediated Aromatic 1,1-Difluoroethylation with (1,1-Difluoroethyl)trimethylsilane (TMSCF2 CH3 ).
Chemistry An Asian Journal 11(12):1789 (2016)
A new method for the formation of 1,1-difluoroethyl copper species ("CuCF2 CH3 ") with 1,1-difluoroethylsilane (TMSCF2 CH3 ) has been developed. The "CuCF2 CH3 " species can be applied to the efficient 1,1-difluoroethylation of diaryliodonium salts under mild conditions, affording (1,1-difluoroe...
Fibulin-4 is a novel Wnt/β-Catenin pathway activator in human osteosarcoma.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communicat... 474(4):730 (2016)
Fibulin-4, an extracellular glycoprotein implicated in connective tissue development and elastic fiber formation, draws increasing focuses in cancer research. However, little is known about the underlying oncogenic roles of Fibulin-4 in human osteosarcoma (OS). In this study, by immunohistochemi...
Facile synthesis of symmetric bundle-like Sb2S3 micron-structures and their application in lithium-ion battery anodes.
Chemical Communications 52(49):7691 (2016)
A novel two-step oxidation-sulfuration route is developed to fabricate the symmetric bundle-like Sb2S3 micron-structure, in which hundreds of one-dimensional Sb2S3 nanowires are tied. As an anode material for lithium-ion batteries, the bundle-like Sb2S3 delivers a discharge capacity of 548 mA h ...
Salvage thrombolysis and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for massive pulmonary embolism during the distal femur fracture surgery.
The American Journal of Emergency Medicine 34(6):1189.e3 (2016)
miRNA-223 is a potential diagnostic and prognostic marker for osteosarcoma.
Journal of bone oncology 5(2):74 (2016)
MicroRNA-223 (miR-223) has been shown to be a potential diagnostic and prognostic marker for several cancers. In addition, miR-223 has been reported to suppress osteosarcoma cell proliferation in vitro. However, the clinical value of miR-223 is still unknown.
We detected the expression of miR-22...
Spatiotemporal Variations in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Mortality in China: Multilevel Evidence from 2006 to 2012.
Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 13(3):339 (2016)
Mortality of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is on the decline in China. It is not known if this trend occurs across all areas or whether spatiotemporal variations manifest. We used data from the nationally representative China Mortality Surveillance System to calculate annual COPD ...
Plasma glucose and hemoglobin A1c for the detection of diabetes in Chinese adults.
Journal Of Diabetes 8(3):378 (2016)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the performance of plasma glucose (PG) and HbA1c for the detection of diabetes in the general population in China.
A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in a nationally representative sample of 98,658 Chinese adults aged ≥18 years. Fasting plasma g...
Pairing of j=3/2 Fermions in Half-Heusler Superconductors.
Physical Review Letters 116(17):177001 (2016)
We theoretically consider the superconductivity of the topological half-Heusler semimetals YPtBi and LuPtBi. We show that pairing occurs between j=3/2 fermion states, which leads to qualitative differences from the conventional theory of pairing between j=1/2 states. In particular, this permits ...
Should quality goals be defined for multicenter laboratory testing? Lessons learned from a pilot survey on a national surveillance program for diabetes.
International Journal for Quality in Health Care 28(2):259 (2016)
Robust laboratory protocols and stringent quality control (QC) procedures are essential for meaningful collection of data from multiple sites in large-scale population-based studies. Failure to design and implement an effective QC program not only adversely affects the scientific outcome, but al...
Integration of Multiple Plasmonic and Co-Catalyst Nanostructures on TiO2 Nanosheets for Visible-Near-Infrared Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution.
Small 12(12):1640 (2016)
Utilization of visible and near-infrared light has always been the pursuit of photocatalysis research. In this article, an approach is developed to integrate dual plasmonic nanostructures with TiO2 semiconductor nanosheets for photocatalytic hydrogen production in visible and near-infrared spect...
Copper-mediated aerobic (phenylsulfonyl)difluoromethylation of arylboronic acids with difluoromethyl phenyl sulfone.
Chemical Communications 52(18):3657 (2016)
A new method for the generation of the "PhSO2CF2Cu" species from readily available difluoromethyl phenyl sulfone (PhSO2CF2H) has been developed. The "PhSO2CF2Cu" reagent can be applied in (phenylsulfonyl)difluoromethylation of arylboronic acids, which affords a convenient approach to introducing...
[Variance estimation considering multistage sampling design in multistage complex sample analysis].
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua li... 37(3):425 (2016)
Multistage sampling is a frequently-used method in random sampling survey in public health. Clustering or independence between observations often exists in the sampling, often called complex sample, generated by multistage sampling. Sampling error may be underestimated and the probability of typ...
Cooperative Nanoparticle System for Photothermal Tumor Treatment without Skin Damage.
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8(4):2847 (2016)
How to ablate tumors without using skin-harmful high laser irradiance remains an ongoing challenge for photothermal therapy. Here, we achieve this with a cooperative nanosystem consisting of gold nanocage (AuNC) "activator" and a cationic mammalian-membrane-disruptive peptide, cTL, as phototherm...
Diabetes-related metabolic risk factors in internal migrant workers in China: a national surveillance study.
The lancet. Diabetes & endocrinology 4(2):125 (2016)
Little is known about the cardiometabolic health of internal migrant workers in China. We aimed to examine the prevalence of diabetes-related cardiometabolic risk factors in this large, but little-studied population.
We did this national surveillance study within the Chinese Center for Disease C...