1. Broadening the versatility of lentiviral vectors as a tool in nucleic acid research via genetic code expansion.

    Nucleic Acids Research 43(11):e73 (2015) PMID 25765642 PMCID PMC4477642

    With the aim of broadening the versatility of lentiviral vectors as a tool in nucleic acid research, we expanded the genetic code in the propagation of lentiviral vectors for site-specific incorporation of chemical moieties with unique properties. Through systematic exploration of the structure-...
  2. Determination of the role of DDX3 a factor involved in mammalian RNAi pathway using an shRNA-expression library.

    PLoS ONE 8(3):e59445 (2013) PMID 23527197 PMCID PMC3602433

    RNA interference (RNAi) is an endogenous RNA-destruction phenomenon induced by certain double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs). In RNAi, dsRNAs are processed into small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) which in turn trigger the cleavage of the target mRNA. Here, using a short hairpin RNA-expression library, we i...
  3. Crystallographic snapshots of an entire reaction cycle for a retaining xylanase from Streptomyces olivaceoviridis E-86.

    Journal of Biochemistry 146(1):61 (2009) PMID 19279191

    Retaining glycosyl hydrolases, which catalyse both glycosylation and deglycosylation in a concerted manner, are the most abundant hydrolases. To date, their visualization has tended to be focused on glycosylation because glycosylation reactions can be visualized by inactivating deglycosylation s...
  4. Loss-of-function screening by randomized intracellular antibodies: identification of hnRNP-K as a potential target for metastasis.

    PNAS 104(21):8983 (2007) PMID 17483488 PMCID PMC1885614

    We have developed a loss-of-function screening system on the basis of intracellular expression of single domain antibodies. We demonstrate its use in identification of potential targets of metastasis of human cancerous cells. Randomized intracellular antibodies were expressed in highly metastati...
  5. Hammerhead ribozyme-based target discovery.

    Methods in Molecular Biology 360:143 (2007) PMID 17172729

    With the accumulation of vast amounts of data as a result of the sequencing of the human genome, it is necessary to identify human genes that are involved in various cellular, developmental, and disease-related processes and to clarify their functions and potential utility as targets in the trea...
  6. Genome-wide sreening by using small-interfering RNA expression libraries.

    Methods in Molecular Biology 360:131 (2007) PMID 17172728

    RNA interference (RNAi) is an evolutionarily conserved phenomenon in which gene expression is silenced by double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) in a sequence-specific manner. This technology has the potential to affect all aspects of target discovery and validation. With the completion of the human genome...
  7. Ribosome-inactivation display system.

    Methods in Molecular Biology 352:221 (2007) PMID 17041268

    We present a novel strategy for the connection of phenotype and genotype in vitro that can be used for the selection of functional proteins. The strategy involves the generation of a stable complex among a ribosome, an messenger RNA and its translated protein, without removal of the termination ...
  8. Leucyl/Phenylalanyl-tRNA-protein transferase-mediated chemoenzymatic coupling of N-terminal Arg/Lys units in post-translationally processed proteins with non-natural amino acids.

    ChemBioChem 7(11):1676 (2006) PMID 16977663

  9. Retraction: Identification of genes that function in the TNF-alpha-mediated apoptotic pathway using randomized hybrid ribozyme libraries.

    Nature Biotechnology 24(9):1170 (2006) PMID 16964231

  10. Ligand-targeted delivery of therapeutic siRNA.

    Pharmaceutical Research 23(8):1631 (2006) PMID 16850274

    RNA interference (RNAi) is a post-transcriptional gene-silencing phenomenon that is triggered by double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). Since many diseases are associated with the inappropriate production of specific proteins, attempts are being made to exploit RNAi in a clinical settings. However, before...
  11. Identification of genes by hybrid ribozymes that couple cleavage activity with the unwinding activity of an endogenous RNA helicase.

    EMBO Reports 7(7):746 (2006) PMID 16819465 PMCID PMC1500838

  12. Induction of DNA methylation and gene silencing by short interfering RNAs in human cells.

    Nature 441(7097):1176 (2006) PMID 16810259

  13. Myosin motor Myo1c and its receptor NEMO/IKK-gamma promote TNF-alpha-induced serine307 phosphorylation of IRS-1.

    Journal of Cell Biology 173(5):665 (2006) PMID 16754954 PMCID PMC2063884

    Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) signaling through the IkappaB kinase (IKK) complex attenuates insulin action via the phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) at Ser307. However, the precise molecular mechanism by which the IKK complex phosphorylates IRS-1 is unknown. In th...
  14. Down-regulation of endogenous Wt1 expression by Sry transgene in the murine embryonic mesonephros-derived M15 cell line.

    Journal of Reproduction and Development 52(3):415 (2006) PMID 16571910

    Wt1 is one of numerous candidate genes comprising the hypothetical chain of gene expression essential for male sex differentiation of the bipotential indifferent gonads during embryogenesis. However, the evidence in the literature is ambivalent regarding the position of Wt1 relative to Sry in th...
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  15. Screening of siRNA target sequences by using fragmentized DNA.

    Journal of Gene Medicine 8(6):782 (2006) PMID 16532512

    RNA interference (RNAi) has become a powerful tool in silencing target genes in various organisms. In mammals, RNAi can be induced by using short interfering RNA (siRNA). The efficacy of inducing RNAi in mammalian cells by using siRNA depends very much on the selection of the target sequences. W...
  16. Cutting Edge: Lentiviral short hairpin RNA silencing of PTEN in human mast cells reveals constitutive signals that promote cytokine secretion and cell survival.

    Journal of Immunology 176(9):5167 (2006) PMID 16621980

    Engagement of the FcepsilonRI expressed on mast cells induces the production of phosphatidylinositol 3, 4, 5-trisphosphate by PI3K, which is essential for the functions of the cells. PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome ten) directly opposes PI3K by dephosphorylating phos...
  17. TRAIL-induced cell death cooperates with IFN-gamma activation in the graft-versus-tumor effect against colon tumors.

    International Journal of Cancer 118(9):2237 (2006) PMID 16331624

    The graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effect that occurs following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) and donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) is currently being subjected to intensive investigation because of clinical evidence for GVT efficacy against leukemia. In this report, we investigate the ef...
  18. Sequence-specific interference by small RNAs derived from adenovirus VAI RNA.

    FEBS Letters 580(6):1553 (2006) PMID 16472808

    A virus-associated RNA (VAI) of adenoviruses is a cytoplasmic non-coding RNA and it plays an important role for viral replication in infected cells. VAI RNA transcripts, produced by RNA polymerase III (pol III), form tightly structured stems, which confer resistance to cellular defense systems. ...
  19. BRAF mediates RET/PTC-induced mitogen-activated protein kinase activation in thyroid cells: functional support for requirement of the RET/PTC-RAS-BRAF pathway in papillary thyroid carcinogenesis.

    Endocrinology 147(2):1014 (2006) PMID 16254036

    In human papillary thyroid cancers (PTCs), mutations of RET/PTC, NTRK, RAS, or BRAF are found in about two thirds of cases with practically no overlap, providing genetic evidence that constitutive signaling along RET-RAS-BRAF-MAPK is key to their development. The requirement for BRAF in RET/PTC-...
  20. Defective repair of radiation-induced DNA damage is complemented by a CHORI-230-65K18 BAC clone on rat chromosome 4.

    Genomics 87(2):236 (2006) PMID 16309880

    The Long Evans cinnamon (LEC) rat is highly susceptible to X-irradiation due to defective DNA repair and is thus a model for hepatocellular carcinogenesis. We constructed a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) contig of rat chromosome 4 completely covering the region associated with radiation s...