1. Meningococcal carriage among georgia and Maryland high school students.

    Journal of Infectious Diseases 211(11):1761 (2015) PMID 25505298

    Meningococcal disease incidence in the United States is at an all-time low. In a previous study of Georgia high school students, meningococcal carriage prevalence was 7%. The purpose of this study was to measure the impact of a meningococcal conjugate vaccine on serogroup Y meningococcal carriag...
  2. Medicating the environment: assessing risks of pharmaceuticals to wildlife and ecosystems.

    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society... 369(1656) (2014) PMID 25405959 PMCID PMC4213582

    Global pharmaceutical consumption is rising with the growing and ageing human population and more intensive food production. Recent studies have revealed pharmaceutical residues in a wide range of ecosystems and organisms. Environmental concentrations are often low, but pharmaceuticals typically...
  3. Behavioural and physiological responses of birds to environmentally relevant concentrations of an antidepressant.

    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society... 369(1656) (2014) PMID 25405964 PMCID PMC4213587

    Many wildlife species forage on sewage-contaminated food, for example, at wastewater treatment plants and on fields fertilized with sewage sludge. The resultant exposure to human pharmaceuticals remains poorly studied for terrestrial species. On the basis of predicted exposure levels in the wild...
  4. Child, household, and caregiver characteristics associated with hospitalization for influenza among children 6-59 months of age: an emerging infections program study.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 33(6):e141 (2014) PMID 24642518 PMCID PMC4025593

    Young children are at increased risk of severe outcomes from influenza illness, including hospitalization. We conducted a case-control study to identify risk factors for influenza-associated hospitalizations among children in US Emerging Infections Program sites. Cases were children 6-59 months ...
  5. Child, household, and caregiver characteristics associated with hospitalization for influenza among children 6-59 months of age: an emerging infections program study.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 33(6):e141 (2014) PMID 24642518 PMCID PMC4025593

    Young children are at increased risk of severe outcomes from influenza illness, including hospitalization. We conducted a case-control study to identify risk factors for influenza-associated hospitalizations among children in US Emerging Infections Program sites. Cases were children 6-59 months ...
  6. Child, household, and caregiver characteristics associated with hospitalization for influenza among children 6-59 months of age: an emerging infections program study.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 33(6):e141 (2014) PMID 24642518 PMCID PMC4025593

    Young children are at increased risk of severe outcomes from influenza illness, including hospitalization. We conducted a case-control study to identify risk factors for influenza-associated hospitalizations among children in US Emerging Infections Program sites. Cases were children 6-59 months ...
  7. Maternal condition but not corticosterone is linked to offspring sex ratio in a passerine bird.

    PLoS ONE 9(10):e110858 (2014) PMID 25347532 PMCID PMC4210198

    There is evidence of offspring sex ratio adjustment in a range of species, but the potential mechanisms remain largely unknown. Elevated maternal corticosterone (CORT) is associated with factors that can favour brood sex ratio adjustment, such as reduced maternal condition, food availability and...
  8. Maternal condition but not corticosterone is linked to offspring sex ratio in a passerine bird.

    PLoS ONE 9(10):e110858 (2014) PMID 25347532 PMCID PMC4210198

    There is evidence of offspring sex ratio adjustment in a range of species, but the potential mechanisms remain largely unknown. Elevated maternal corticosterone (CORT) is associated with factors that can favour brood sex ratio adjustment, such as reduced maternal condition, food availability and...
  9. Maternal condition but not corticosterone is linked to offspring sex ratio in a passerine bird.

    PLoS ONE 9(10):e110858 (2014) PMID 25347532 PMCID PMC4210198

    There is evidence of offspring sex ratio adjustment in a range of species, but the potential mechanisms remain largely unknown. Elevated maternal corticosterone (CORT) is associated with factors that can favour brood sex ratio adjustment, such as reduced maternal condition, food availability and...
  10. Assessing the exposure risk and impacts of pharmaceuticals in the environment on individuals and ecosystems.

    Biology Letters 9(4):20130492 (2013) PMID 23804293 PMCID PMC3730660

    The use of human and veterinary pharmaceuticals is increasing. Over the past decade, there has been a proliferation of research into potential environmental impacts of pharmaceuticals in the environment. A Royal Society-supported seminar brought together experts from diverse scientific fields to...
  11. Assessing the exposure risk and impacts of pharmaceuticals in the environment on individuals and ecosystems.

    Biology Letters 9(4):20130492 (2013) PMID 23804293 PMCID PMC3730660

    The use of human and veterinary pharmaceuticals is increasing. Over the past decade, there has been a proliferation of research into potential environmental impacts of pharmaceuticals in the environment. A Royal Society-supported seminar brought together experts from diverse scientific fields to...
  12. A spatially-based modeling framework for assessing the risks of soil-associated metals to bats.

    Environmental Pollution 173:110 (2013) PMID 23202640

    Populations of some species of bats are declining in some regions of Europe. These declines are probably due to a range of pressures, including climate change, urbanization and exposure to toxins such as metals. This paper describes the development, paramaterisation and application of a spatiall...
  13. A spatially-based modeling framework for assessing the risks of soil-associated metals to bats

    Environmental Pollution 173:110 (2013)

    Populations of some species of bats are declining in some regions of Europe. These declines are probably due to a range of pressures, including climate change, urbanization and exposure to toxins such as metals. This paper describes the development, paramaterisation and application of ...
  14. Increase in rates of hospitalization due to laboratory-confirmed influenza among children and adults during the 2009-10 influenza pandemic.

    Journal of Infectious Diseases 206(9):1350 (2012) PMID 23002448

    The Emerging Infections Programs (EIP) network has conducted population-based surveillance for hospitalizations due to laboratory-confirmed influenza among children since 2003, with the network expanding in 2005 to include adults. From 15 April 2009 through 30 April 2010, the EIP conducted surve...
  15. Increase in rates of hospitalization due to laboratory-confirmed influenza among children and adults during the 2009-10 influenza pandemic.

    Journal of Infectious Diseases 206(9):1350 (2012) PMID 23002448

    The Emerging Infections Programs (EIP) network has conducted population-based surveillance for hospitalizations due to laboratory-confirmed influenza among children since 2003, with the network expanding in 2005 to include adults. From 15 April 2009 through 30 April 2010, the EIP conducted surve...
  16. Reduced influenza antiviral treatment among children and adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza infection in the year after the 2009 pandemic.

    Clinical Infectious Diseases 55(3):e18 (2012) PMID 22543024

    Influenza antiviral treatment is recommended for all persons hospitalized with influenza virus infection. During the 2010-2011 influenza season, antiviral treatment of children and adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza declined significantly compared with treatment during the 2...
  17. Reduced influenza antiviral treatment among children and adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza infection in the year after the 2009 pandemic.

    Clinical Infectious Diseases 55(3):e18 (2012) PMID 22543024

    Influenza antiviral treatment is recommended for all persons hospitalized with influenza virus infection. During the 2010-2011 influenza season, antiviral treatment of children and adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza declined significantly compared with treatment during the 2...
  18. Building data quality and confidence in data reported to the National Healthcare Safety Network.

    Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 33(5):446 (2012) PMID 22476269

  19. Building data quality and confidence in data reported to the National Healthcare Safety Network.

    Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 33(5):446 (2012) PMID 22476269

  20. Building data quality and confidence in data reported to the National Healthcare Safety Network.

    Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 33(5):446 (2012) PMID 22476269