1. New reference ranges for interpreting forced expiratory manoeuvres in infants and implications for clinical interpretation: a multicentre collaboration.

    Thorax 71(3):276 (2016) PMID 26526556

    The raised volume rapid thoracoabdominal compression (RVRTC) technique is commonly used to obtain full forced expiratory manoeuvres from infants, but reference equations derived from 'in-house' equipment have been shown to be inappropriate for current commercially available devices. To explore t...
  2. The Breathing for Life Trial: a randomised controlled trial of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO)-based management of asthma during pregnancy and its impact on perinatal outcomes and infant and childhood respiratory health.

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 16:111 (2016) PMID 27189595 PMCID PMC4869189

    Asthma exacerbations are common during pregnancy and associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. Adjusting asthma treatment based on airway inflammation rather than symptoms reduces the exacerbation rate by 50 %. The Breathing for Life Trial (BLT) will test whether this appr...
  3. Reproducibility of serum IgE, Ara h2 skin prick testing and fraction of exhaled nitric oxide for predicting clinical peanut allergy in children.

    Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology 12:35 (2016) PMID 27499764 PMCID PMC4975907

    Ara h2 sIgE serum levels improve the diagnostic accuracy for predicting peanut allergy, but the use of Ara h2 purified protein as a skin prick test (SPT), has not been substantially evaluated. The fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) shows promise as a novel biomarker of peanut allergy. Repro...
  4. An approach to measuring and encouraging research translation and research impact.

    Health Research Policy and Systems 14(1):60 (2016) PMID 27507300 PMCID PMC4979128

    Research translation, particularly in the biomedical area, is often discussed but there are few methods that are routinely used to measure it or its impact. Of the impact measurement methods that are used, most aim to provide accountability - to measure and explain what was generated as a conseq...
  5. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) regulates midline-1, thymic stromal lymphopoietin, inflammation, and remodeling in experimental eosinophilic esophagitis.

    Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 136(4):971 (2015) PMID 25981737 PMCID PMC4600423

    Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an inflammatory disorder of the esophagus defined by eosinophil infiltration and tissue remodeling with resulting symptoms of esophageal dysfunction. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) promotes inflammation through upregulation of the E3 ubiquitin-lig...
  6. Toll-like receptor 7 governs interferon and inflammatory responses to rhinovirus and is suppressed by IL-5-induced lung eosinophilia.

    Thorax 70(9):854 (2015) PMID 26108570 PMCID PMC4552894

    Asthma exacerbations represent a significant disease burden and are commonly caused by rhinovirus (RV), which is sensed by Toll-like receptors (TLR) such as TLR7. Some asthmatics have impaired interferon (IFN) responses to RV, but the underlying mechanisms of this clinically relevant observation...
  7. MicroRNA-9 regulates steroid-resistant airway hyperresponsiveness by reducing protein phosphatase 2A activity.

    Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 136(2):462 (2015) PMID 25772595

    Steroid-resistant asthma is a major clinical problem that is linked to activation of innate immune cells. Levels of IFN-γ and LPS are often increased in these patients. Cooperative signaling between IFN-γ/LPS induces macrophage-dependent steroid-resistant airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in mous...
  8. Correction: Antagonism of miR-328 Increases the Antimicrobial Function of Macrophages and Neutrophils and Rapid Clearance of Non-typeable Haemophilus Influenzae (NTHi) from Infected Lung.

    PLoS Pathogens 11(6):e1004956 (2015) PMID 26107387 PMCID PMC4479355

    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1004549.].
  9. CCL7 and IRF-7 Mediate Hallmark Inflammatory and IFN Responses following Rhinovirus 1B Infection.

    Journal of Immunology 194(10):4924 (2015) PMID 25847975 PMCID PMC4417644

    Rhinovirus (RV) infections are common and have the potential to exacerbate asthma. We have determined the lung transcriptome in RV strain 1B-infected naive BALB/c mice (nonallergic) and identified CCL7 and IFN regulatory factor (IRF)-7 among the most upregulated mRNA transcripts in the lung. To ...
  10. Antagonism of miR-328 increases the antimicrobial function of macrophages and neutrophils and rapid clearance of non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) from infected lung.

    PLoS Pathogens 11(4):e1004549 (2015) PMID 25894560 PMCID PMC4404141

    Pathogenic bacterial infections of the lung are life threatening and underpin chronic lung diseases. Current treatments are often ineffective potentially due to increasing antibiotic resistance and impairment of innate immunity by disease processes and steroid therapy. Manipulation miRNA directl...
  11. MicroRNA function in mast cell biology: protocols to characterize and modulate microRNA expression.

    Methods in Molecular Biology 1220:287 (2015) PMID 25388258

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNA molecules that can modulate mRNA levels through RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC)-mediated degradation. Recognition of target mRNAs occurs through imperfect base pairing between an miRNA and its target, meaning that each miRNA can target a number of ...
  12. Evidence that asthma is a developmental origin disease influenced by maternal diet and bacterial metabolites.

    Nature Communications 6:7320 (2015) PMID 26102221

    Asthma is prevalent in Western countries, and recent explanations have evoked the actions of the gut microbiota. Here we show that feeding mice a high-fibre diet yields a distinctive gut microbiota, which increases the levels of the short-chain fatty acid, acetate. High-fibre or acetate-feeding ...
  13. Ventilation inhomogeneities in children with congenital thoracic malformations.

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 15:25 (2015) PMID 25887144 PMCID PMC4417263

    Congenital thoracic malformations (CTM) are rare lung lesions that are managed with surgical resection or active surveillance. The objective of this study was to comprehensively assess large and small airway function in children with CTM who underwent lobectomy in early life. We hypothesise that...
  14. Effects of an anti-inflammatory VAP-1/SSAO inhibitor, PXS-4728A, on pulmonary neutrophil migration.

    Respiratory Research 16(1):42 (2015) PMID 25889951 PMCID PMC4389443

    The persistent influx of neutrophils into the lung and subsequent tissue damage are characteristics of COPD, cystic fibrosis and acute lung inflammation. VAP-1/SSAO is an endothelial bound adhesion molecule with amine oxidase activity that is reported to be involved in neutrophil egress from the...
  15. Dedicated paediatric teaching remains critical to the undergraduate medical curriculum.

    Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 50(12):949 (2014) PMID 25392980

  16. MicroRNA: potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for allergic asthma?

    Annals of Medicine 46(8):633 (2014) PMID 25307360

    MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that bind to multiple target mRNAs to control gene expression post-transcriptionally by inhibiting translation. In mammalian cells, microRNAs play important roles in a diverse array of cellular processes (e.g. cell proliferation and differentiation). However, ...
  17. Pulmonary immunity during respiratory infections in early life and the development of severe asthma.

    Annals of the American Thoracic Society 11 Suppl 5:S297 (2014) PMID 25525736

    Asthma affects 10% of the population in Westernized countries, being most common in children. It is a heterogeneous condition characterized by chronic allergic airway inflammation, mucus hypersecretion, and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to normally innocuous antigens. Combination therapies wi...
  18. Differential DNA methylation profiles of infants exposed to maternal asthma during pregnancy.

    Pediatric Pulmonology 49(9):852 (2014) PMID 24166889

    Asthma is a complex disease that involves both genetic factors and environmental exposures. Aberrant epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation, may be important in asthma development. Fetal exposure to maternal asthma during critical periods of in utero development may lead to epigenetic...
  19. The early origins of COPD in severe asthma: the one thing that leads to another or the two things that come together?

    Thorax 69(9):789 (2014) PMID 24813191

  20. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand regulates hallmark features of airways remodeling in allergic airways disease.

    American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecu... 51(1):86 (2014) PMID 24484417

    Allergic asthma is a complex disease characterized by acute inflammation of the airways that over time leads to the development of significant structural changes termed remodeling. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has an important regulatory role in acute allergic airways inflammati...