1. Small molecule analogues of the immunomodulatory parasitic helminth product ES-62 have anti-allergy properties.

    International Journal for Parasitology 44(9):669 (2014) PMID 24929132 PMCID PMC4119935

    ES-62, a glycoprotein secreted by the filarial nematode Acanthocheilonema viteae, exhibits anti-inflammatory properties by virtue of covalently attached phosphorylcholine moieties. Screening of a library of ES-62 phosphorylcholine-based small molecule analogues (SMAs) revealed that two compounds...
  2. Retraction: VAMP8 is essential in anaphylatoxin-induced degranulation, TNF-α secretion, peritonitis, and systemic inflammation.

    Journal of Immunology 190(6):3007 (2013) PMID 23456703

  3. Mast Cell Subsets and Their Functional Modulation by the Acanthocheilonema viteae Product ES-62.

    Journal of Parasitology Research 2013:961268 (2013) PMID 23476740 PMCID PMC3582060

    ES-62, an immunomodulator secreted by filarial nematodes, exhibits therapeutic potential in mouse models of allergic inflammation, at least in part by inducing the desensitisation of Fc ε RI-mediated mast cell responses. However, in addition to their pathogenic roles in allergic and autoimmune d...
  4. Retraction: Sphingosine kinase1 is pivotal for Fc"RI-mediated mast cell signaling and functional responses in vitro and in vivo.

    Journal of Immunology 189(6):3262 (2012) PMID 22956763

  5. Retraction. The cytokine interleukin-33 mediates anaphylactic shock.

    PNAS 109(34):13877 (2012) PMID 22891328 PMCID PMC3427104

  6. Gelsolin induces colorectal tumor cell invasion via modulation of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator cascade.

    PLoS ONE 7(8):e43594 (2012) PMID 22927998 PMCID PMC3424201

    Gelsolin is a cytoskeletal protein which participates in actin filament dynamics and promotes cell motility and plasticity. Although initially regarded as a tumor suppressor, gelsolin expression in certain tumors correlates with poor prognosis and therapy-resistance. In vitro, gelsolin has anti-...
  7. The helminth product ES-62 protects against septic shock via Toll-like receptor 4-dependent autophagosomal degradation of the adaptor MyD88.

    Nature Immunology 12(4):344 (2011) PMID 21358639

    Sepsis is one of the most challenging health problems worldwide. Here we found that phagocytes from patients with sepsis had considerable upregulation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and TLR2; however, shock-inducing inflammatory responses mediated by these TLRs were inhibited by ES-62, an immuno...
  8. IL-33 exacerbates autoantibody-induced arthritis.

    Journal of Immunology 184(5):2620 (2010) PMID 20139274

    Rheumatoid arthritis pathogenesis comprises dysregulation in both innate and adaptive immunity. There is therefore intense interest in the factors that integrate these immunologic pathways in rheumatoid arthritis. In this paper, we report that IL-33, a novel member of the IL-1 family, can exacer...
  9. VAMP8 is essential in anaphylatoxin-induced degranulation, TNF-alpha secretion, peritonitis, and systemic inflammation.

    Journal of Immunology 183(2):1413 (2009) PMID 19564343

    VAMP8, a member of the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein attachment protein receptor (SNARE) family of fusion proteins, initially characterized in endosomal and endosomal-lysosomal fusion, may also function in regulated exocytosis. VAMP8 physiological function in inflammation has...
  10. Differential signal transduction, membrane trafficking, and immune effector functions mediated by FcgammaRI versus FcgammaRIIa.

    Blood 114(2):318 (2009) PMID 19420354 PMCID PMC4937993

    Receptors for the fragment crystallizable region of immunoglobulin-G (FcgammaRs) play an important role in linking the humoral and cellular arms of the immune response. In this study, we present a comprehensive functional comparison of 2 human Fc-receptors, FcgammaRI and FcgammaRIIa. Activation ...
  11. Sphingosine kinase 1 is pivotal for Fc epsilon RI-mediated mast cell signaling and functional responses in vitro and in vivo.

    Journal of Immunology 183(1):221 (2009) PMID 19542433

    Mast cell degranulation is pivotal to allergic diseases; investigating novel pathways triggering mast cell degranulation would undoubtedly have important therapeutic potential. FcepsilonRI-mediated degranulation has contradictorily been shown to require SphK1 or SphK2, depending on the reports. ...
  12. The cytokine interleukin-33 mediates anaphylactic shock.

    PNAS 106(24):9773 (2009) PMID 19506243 PMCID PMC2700978

    Anaphylactic shock is characterized by elevated immunoglobulin-E (IgE) antibodies that signal via the high affinity Fc epsilon receptor (Fc epsilonRI) to release inflammatory mediators. Here we report that the novel cytokine interleukin-33 (IL-33) potently induces anaphylactic shock in mice and ...
  13. Phagocytosis: a repertoire of receptors and Ca(2+) as a key second messenger.

    Bioscience Reports 28(5):287 (2008) PMID 18826374

    Receptor-mediated phagocytosis is a complex process that mediates the internalization, by a cell, of other cells and large particles; this is an important physiological event not only in mammals, but in a wide diversity of organisms. Of simple unicellular organisms that use phagocytosis to extra...
  14. Inhibition of Fc epsilon RI-mediated mast cell responses by ES-62, a product of parasitic filarial nematodes.

    Nature Medicine 13(11):1375 (2007) PMID 17952092

    Atopic allergy is characterized by an increase in IgE antibodies that signal through the high-affinity Fcepsilon receptor (FcepsilonRI) to induce the release of inflammatory mediators from mast cells. For unknown reasons, the prevalence of allergic diseases has recently increased steeply in the ...
  15. Genome-wide gene expression profiling of human mast cells stimulated by IgE or FcepsilonRI-aggregation reveals a complex network of genes involved in inflammatory responses.

    BMC Genomics 7:210 (2006) PMID 16911805 PMCID PMC1564015

    Mast cells are well established effectors of IgE-triggered allergic reactions and immune responses to parasitic infections. Recent studies indicate that mast cells may play roles in adaptive and innate immunity, suggesting an innovative view of the regulation of immune responses. Here, we profil...
  16. Fcgamma RI-triggered generation of arachidonic acid and eicosanoids requires iPLA2 but not cPLA2 in human monocytic cells.

    Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(21):22505 (2004) PMID 15007079

    Aggregation of receptors for immunoglobulin G (FcgammaRs) on myeloid cells activates a series of events that are key in the inflammatory response and that can ultimately lead to targeted cell killing by antibody-directed cellular cytotoxicity. Generation of lipid-derived proinflammatory mediator...
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