Association between New Jersey's Graduated Driver Licensing decal provision and crash rates of young drivers with learners' permits.
Injury Prevention 21(6):421 (2015)
New Jersey (NJ) implemented the first-in-the-US Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) decal provision in May 2010 for young drivers with learner's permits or intermediate licenses. Previous analyses found an association between the provision and crash reduction among intermediate drivers. The aim of ...
Validation of Parent-Reported Injuries to Their Children.
Clinical Pediatrics (Sage) 54(10):983 (2015)
Injury is a leading cause of emergency department visits, disability, and death in children. This study examined the sensitivity and specificity of parental report of children's specific injuries.
A prospective validation study was conducted in 3 urban pediatric emergency departments from August...
Young driver crash rates by licensing age, driving experience, and license phase.
Accident Analysis & Prevention 80:243 (2015)
Few studies have concurrently assessed the influence of age and experience on young driver crashes, in particular in the post-Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) era. Further, little attention is given to the transition from intermediate to full licensure. We examined the independent and joint cont...
Rear seat safety: Variation in protection by occupant, crash and vehicle characteristics.
Accident Analysis & Prevention 80:185 (2015)
Current information on the safety of rear row occupants of all ages is needed to inform further advances in rear seat restraint system design and testing. The objectives of this study were to describe characteristics of occupants in the front and rear rows of model year 2000 and newer vehicles i...
Extending the value of police crash reports for traffic safety research: collecting supplemental data via surveys of drivers.
Injury Prevention 21(e1):e36 (2015)
Police crash reports have been used to advance motor vehicle safety research, though their value is limited by their focus on the crash event rather than outcomes of the crash.
To develop and evaluate the effect of enhanced recruitment methods, including a monetary incentive, on response rates o...
Young driver licensing: examination of population-level rates using New Jersey's state licensing database.
Accident Analysis & Prevention 76:49 (2015)
Recent surveys have provided insight on the primary reasons why US teens delay licensure but are limited in their ability to estimate licensing rates and trends. State administrative licensing data are the ideal source to provide this information but have not yet been analyzed for this purpose. ...
Long-term changes in crash rates after introduction of a Graduated Driver Licensing decal provision.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine 48(2):121 (2015)
New Jersey (NJ) implemented the first Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) decal provision in the U.S. in May 2010. An initial study reported a 1-year post-decal decrease in the crash rate among NJ intermediate drivers aged <21 years. Longer-term analysis is critical for policymakers in other states...
Engagement with the TeenDrivingPlan and diversity of teens' supervised practice driving: lessons for internet-based learner driver interventions.
Injury Prevention 21(1):4 (2015)
Inexperienced, less-skilled driving characterises many newly licensed drivers and contributes to high crash rates. A randomised trial of TeenDrivingPlan (TDP), a new learner driver phase internet-based intervention, demonstrated effectiveness in improving safety relevant, on-road driving behavio...
Association Between NCAP Ratings and Real-World Rear Seat Occupant Risk of Injury.
Traffic Injury Prevention 16 Suppl 2:S146 (2015)
Several studies have evaluated the correlation between U.S. or Euro New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) ratings and injury risk to front seat occupants, in particular driver injuries. Conversely, little is known about whether NCAP 5-star ratings predict real-world risk of injury to restrained rear...
Evaluating the Effect of a Mechanical Adjunct to Improve the Installation of Child Restraint Systems to Vehicles.
Traffic Injury Prevention 16 Suppl 2:S24 (2015)
We explored if an alternative CRS design that utilized a mechanical adjunct to amplify the force applied to the adult seat belt (intervention CRS) results in more accurate and secure attachment between the CRS and the vehicle compared to similar CRS models that use LATCH or the existing adult se...
Pediatricians' self-reported knowledge, attitudes, and practices about child passenger safety.
The Journal of Pediatrics 165(5):1040 (2014)
To evaluate pediatricians' self-reported knowledge, attitudes, and dissemination practices regarding the new American Academy of Pediatrics' (AAP) child passenger safety (CPS) policy recommendations.
A cross-sectional survey was distributed to pediatric primary care physicians via AAP e-mail dis...
Driving errors of learner teens: frequency, nature and their association with practice.
Accident Analysis & Prevention 72:433 (2014)
Despite demonstrating basic vehicle operations skills sufficient to pass a state licensing test, novice teen drivers demonstrate several deficits in tactical driving skills during the first several months of independent driving. Improving our knowledge of the types of errors made by teen permit ...
Effect of the teen driving plan on the driving performance of teenagers before licensure: a randomized clinical trial.
JAMA Pediatrics 168(8):764 (2014)
Many studies have failed to show an effect of parent-supervised practice driving on the driving performance of teenagers; nevertheless, most Graduated Driver Licensing programs have provisions that require supervised practice.
To determine whether a web-based intervention, the Teen Driving Plan ...
Enhancing our understanding of teen-driver crashes.
JAMA Pediatrics 168(6):511 (2014)
Prevalence of and risk factors for poor functioning after isolated mild traumatic brain injury in children.
Journal of Neurotrauma 31(8):722 (2014)
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and predictors of poor 3 and 12 month quality of life outcomes in a cohort of pediatric patients with isolated mild TBI. We conducted a prospective cohort study of children and adolescents <18 years of age treated for an isolated mild TBI, defined as ...
Statistical implications of using moving violations to determine crash responsibility in young driver crashes.
Accident Analysis & Prevention 65:28 (2014)
Traditional methods for determining crash responsibility - most commonly moving violation citations - may not accurately characterize at-fault status among crash-involved drivers given that: (1) issuance may vary by factors that are independent of fault (e.g., driver age, gender), and (2) these ...
Residual cognitive disability after completion of inpatient rehabilitation among injured children.
The Journal of Pediatrics 164(1):130 (2014)
To determine the prevalence and nature of residual cognitive disability after inpatient rehabilitation for children aged 7-18 years with traumatic injuries.
This retrospective cohort study included children aged 7-18 years in the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation who underwent inpat...
Special considerations in distracted driving with teens.
Annals of advances in automotive medicine / Ann... 58:69 (2014)
Novice teen drivers have long been known to have an increased risk of crashing, as well as increased tendencies toward unsafe and risky driving behaviors. Teens are unique as drivers for several reasons, many of which have implications specifically in the area of distracted driving. This paper r...
Validation of a parent survey for reporting child injuries.
Injury Prevention 19(5):342 (2013)
To evaluate the validity of a parent-reported survey to identify children's moderate and serious injuries in seven specific body regions using medical records as the 'gold standard'.
A prospective validation study was conducted in three urban paediatric emergency departments (EDs). 798 parents o...
New recommendations on motor vehicle safety for child passengers.
American Family Physician 87(7):472 (2013)