A Scientific Basis for Regulating Deep-Sea Fishing by Depth.
Current Biology 25(18):2425 (2015)
The deep sea is the world's largest ecosystem, with high levels of biodiversity and many species that exhibit life-history characteristics that make them vulnerable to high levels of exploitation. Many fisheries in the deep sea have a track record of being unsustainable. In the northeast Atlanti...
Distance from a fishing community explains fish abundance in a no-take zone with weak compliance.
PLoS ONE 10(5):e0126098 (2015)
There are numerous examples of no-take marine reserves effectively conserving fish stocks within their boundaries. However, no-take reserves can be rendered ineffective and turned into 'paper parks' through poor compliance and weak enforcement of reserve regulations. Long-term monitoring is thus...
The role of carrion supply in the abundance of deep-water fish off California.
PLoS ONE 7(11):e49332 (2012)
Few time series of deep-sea systems exist from which the factors affecting abyssal fish populations can be evaluated. Previous analysis showed an increase in grenadier abundance, in the eastern North Pacific, which lagged epibenthic megafaunal abundance, mostly echinoderms, by 9-20 months. Subse...
Oxidative stress, inflammation and recovery of muscle function after damaging exercise: effect of 6-week mixed antioxidant supplementation.
European Journal of Applied Physiology 111(6):925 (2011)
There is no consensus regarding the effects of mixed antioxidant vitamin C and/or vitamin E supplementation on oxidative stress responses to exercise and restoration of muscle function. Thirty-eight men were randomly assigned to receive either placebo group (n = 18) or mixed antioxidant (primari...
Substrate-selective supramolecular tandem assays: monitoring enzyme inhibition of arginase and diamine oxidase by fluorescent dye displacement from calixarene and cucurbituril macrocycles.
Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(32):11558 (2009)
A combination of moderately selective host-guest binding with the impressive specificity of enzymatic transformations allows the real-time monitoring of enzymatic reactions in a homogeneous solution. The resulting enzyme assays ("supramolecular tandem assays") exploit the dynamic binding of a fl...
Prolonged static stretching does not influence running economy despite changes in neuromuscular function.
Journal of Sports Sciences 26(14):1489 (2008)
The aim of this study was to examine the acute effects of prolonged static stretching (SS) on running economy. Ten male runners (VO2(peak) 60.1 +/- 7.3 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1)) performed 10 min of treadmill running at 70% VO2(peak) before and after SS and no stretching interventions. For the stret...
Design of a fluorescent dye for indicator displacement from cucurbiturils: a macrocycle-responsive fluorescent switch operating through a pKa shift.
Organic Letters 10(18):4089 (2008)
The derivatization of 3-amino-9-ethylcarbazole with a diamino-alkyl anchor affords a fluorescent dye suitable for indicator displacement from cucurbituril macrocycles. The novel compound 1 shows, due to a complexation-induced pKa shift, a large and predictable dual fluorescence response (100-fol...
Determinants of 800-m and 1500-m running performance using allometric models.
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 40(2):345 (2008)
To identify the optimal aerobic determinants of elite, middle-distance running (MDR) performance, using proportional allometric models.
Sixty-two national and international male and female 800-m and 1500-m runners undertook an incremental exercise test to volitional exhaustion. Mean submaximal r...
Supramolecular tandem enzyme assays for multiparameter sensor arrays and enantiomeric excess determination of amino acids.
Chemistry: A European Journal 14(20):6069 (2008)
The coupling of an enzymatic transformation with dynamic host-guest exchange allows the unselective binding of macrocycles to be used for highly selective analyte sensing. The resulting supramolecular tandem enzyme assays require the enzymatic substrate and its corresponding product to differ si...
Cholangiocarcinoma presenting as a solitary epididymal metastasis: a case report and review of the literature.
Diagnostic Pathology 2:33 (2007)
Solid tumor metastasis to the epididymis is a rare occurrence and is mostly discovered incidentally at autopsy or after therapeutic orchidectomy for prostate cancer. Other primary carcinomas that have been demonstrated to metastasize to the paratesticular region include those originating in the ...
The absence of sharks from abyssal regions of the world's oceans.
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological ... 273(1592):1435 (2006)
The oceanic abyss (depths greater than 3000 m), one of the largest environments on the planet, is characterized by absence of solar light, high pressures and remoteness from surface food supply necessitating special molecular, physiological, behavioural and ecological adaptations of organisms th...
High swimming and metabolic activity in the deep-sea eel Synaphobranchus kaupii revealed by integrated in situ and in vitro measurements.
Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 78(3):335 (2005)
Several complementary studies were undertaken on a single species of deep-sea fish (the eel Synaphobranchus kaupii) within a small temporal and spatial range. In situ experiments on swimming and foraging behaviour, muscle performance, and metabolic rate were performed in the Porcupine Seabight, ...
High-energy phosphate metabolism during exercise and recovery in temperate and Antarctic scallops: an in vivo 31P-NMR study.
Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 76(5):622 (2003)
In vivo (31)P-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy was used to measure the levels of ATP, phospho-l-arginine (PLA), and inorganic phosphate in the adductor muscle of the Antarctic scallop Adamussium colbecki and two temperate species, Aequipecten opercularis and Pecten maximus. Graded e...
Blood loss during transurethral resection of the prostate after 3 months of treatment with finasteride
Urology 58(6):972 (2001)
Objectives. To study whether pretreatment with finasteride, compared with placebo, reduces the blood loss, operating time, amount of irrigating fluid absorbed, resources used, and other exploratory indexes of extensive surgery during transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).